Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.42(3) > 1043754

Korean J Nutr. 2009 Apr;42(3):221-233. Korean.
Published online April 30, 2009.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2009.42.3.221
© 2009 The Korean Nutrition Society
Dietary Intake Assessment by the Number of Chronic Diseases and the Season for Elderly Living in Rural Area
Hyun-Kyung Moon, Jung Eun Kim and Eun Hae Kim
Department of Nutrition Education Graduate school of Education, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: moonhk52@dankook.ac.kr )
Received January 12, 2009; Revised February 20, 2009; Accepted April 03, 2009.

Abstract

Korea's aging population has been remarkably increased. They want to have not only extension of life expectancy but also improving quality of life. To maintain the quality of life, it is essential to have good nutrition. However, nutritional status of elderly in Korea has problems qualitatively and quantitatively. Risk factors for poor nutrition are advanced age, woman, living alone and low economic status. Another risk factor in rural area is season because seasonal changes can affect food intake of elderly. Thus this study surveyed the health status and dietary intakes of elderly by season in rural area. In this study, the elderly were grouped as group 1 {elderly who have one risk factor for chronic diseases (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes)} and group 2 (elderly who have more than 2 risk factors). Can-Pro 3.0 was used for dietary data analysis and SPSS 12.0 program was used for statistical analysis. Obesity had the highest percentage 62%, followed by hypertension 59.5%, dyslipidemia 21.5% and diabetes 11.6%. Obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia were high in winter and WHR, diabetes and anemia were high in summer. Mean intakes of energy and nutrients were less than RI. Nutrients which were changed most by season were vitamin A and Vitamin C. Intakes of calcium and folic acid were less than recommended in summer. The ratio of CPF for carbohydrate was higher and fat was lower than recommended. In conclusion, the nutrient intake of Group 2 was better in quality but Group 1 was better in quantity. Nutrient intakes were poor in summer. In rural area, more careful nutritional assesment and management are needed for aged population, especially in summer.

Keywords: chronic disease risk factor; dietary intake; season; elderly in rural area

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects by the number of chronic diseases (N (%))
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Table 2
Percent of subject with chronic diseases N (%)
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Table 3
Energy and Nutrient intakes of subjects by the number of chronic disease and season
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Table 4
Evaluation of energy intake using EER by the number of chronic diseases and season (N (%))
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Table 5
Evaluation of nutrient intake using DRI by the number of chronic diseases and season (%)
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Table 6
Percent of Energy intake from macronutrient by the number of chronic disease and season (g/day/person)
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Table 7
Evaluation of percent of energy intake from macronutrient by the number of chronic diseases and season (%)
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Table 8
Nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) and mean adequacy ratio (MAR) of the subjects by the nmuber of chronic disease and season
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Table 9
Index of nutritional quality (INQ) of the subjects by the number of chronic disease and season
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Table 10
Quantity of food group intake by the number of chronic diseases and season (g/day/person)
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Table 11
Evaluation of food group intake pattern (GMFVD2)) by the number of chronic diseases and season
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Table 12
Dietary diversity score (DDS) by the number of chronic disease and season (N(%))
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Notes

This research was supported by grants from Rural Development of Agriculture.

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