Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.21(1) > 1038569

Korean J Community Nutr. 2016 Feb;21(1):65-74. Korean.
Published online February 29, 2016.
Copyright © 2016 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
A study on the Needs for Nutrition Management Program for Elderly Who use Welfare Facilities
Min-June Lee,1) Jung-Hyun Kim,2) Ok-Jin Park,3) and Young-Mi Lee4)
1)Graduate School of Education, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
2)Department of Home Economics Education, PaiChai University, Daejeon, Korea.
3)Department of Tourism Management, Yeojoo University, Yeojoo, Korea.
4)Department of Food & Nutrition, Gachon Uiversity, Seongnam, Korea.

Corresponding author: Jung-Hyun Kim. Department of Home Economics Education, PaiChai University, 155-40 Baejae-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon, 35345, Korea. Tel: (042) 520-5424, Fax: 070-4362-6292, Email:
Received January 29, 2016; Revised February 18, 2016; Accepted February 18, 2016.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was performed to investigate the nutritional status, health conditions, eating habits and experience and demand for nutrition·dietary management of senior citizens. And these data are formed foundation of development of nutrition·dietary management education program and contents in welfare facilities for the aged.


We visited 3 public health centers, 3 senior citizens centers, and 4 welfare centers in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Chungnam province, and Daejeon area and carried out interview by semi-structured questionnaire for senior citizens older than 65 years who use those facilities.


The study included 17%, 30.7% and 52.3% of senior citizens from public health centers, seniorcitizen centers and and welfare centers, respectively. The age range of 43.9% of the population was 65-74 years and and 56.1% were older than 75 years. We observed that 83.2% of subjects took some medicines due to diseases that they have and 58.0% took prescription medicines for hypertension. The thing that they considered the most when selecting food was 'the taste'(p<0.05). Regarding the level of practice to keep the dietary life, they answered more than 'average' for most of items but answered less than 'average' for lot of salt intake, drinking, exercise. For the experience of nutrition·dietary life education, only 19.8% answered 'Yes' and the service for nutrition·dietary life management showed the highest score in the demand for 'provide nutritious food'. For the size of consulting group for nutrition/dietary life education, the public health center and welfare center preferred a larger group size but the senior citizens center preferred a smaller group. With regard to who will carry out the consulting, the demand for dietitian was the highest and the operation type showed the high demand in the order of consulting, education. The contents that they want to have consultation in nutrition·dietary life education were diet therapy for diseases and the ordinary diet therapy for health.


This study suggested the management of nutrition·dietry life necessitates qualitative measures according to the different types of welfare facilities. For these, it is in need of development of counseling and education program included therapy for disease. Above all, the policy to secure dietitian of welfare facilities for the aged to perform these should be achived.

Keywords: elderly; nutrition·dietary management program; aged welfare facilities


Fig. 1
Experience of nutrition·dietary habit education
Click for larger image


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
Click for larger image

Table 2
Anthropometric measurements of the subjects
Click for larger image

Table 3
Distribution of disease (by using drug)
Click for larger image

Table 4
Frequency of meals and eating out
Click for larger image

Table 5
Method of meal preparation
Click for larger image

Table 6
Considerations for food choice
Click for larger image

Table 7
Practice of Dietary guidelines
Click for larger image

Table 8
Needs for nutrition dietary habits management service
Click for larger image

Table 9
Needs for nutrition dietary habits education and counseling
Click for larger image

1. Statistic Korea. Projected population and proportion [internet]. 2011 [cited 2013 May 13].
Available from:
2. Ministry of Health Welfare & Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey [KNHANES V-1] [internet]. 2014 [cited 2015 Dec 23].
3. Lim YJ, Choi YS. Seasonal nutrient intakes of elderly women living alone as compared to those living family in the Gyeongbuk rural area. Korean J Community Nutr 2007;12(1):58–67.
4. Chang HJ. Strategies for the improvement of customer satisfaction on foodservice through identifying the foodservice quality factors in senior care facilities. Korean J Community Nutr 2008;13(1):69–79.
5. Choi JH, Lee ES, Lee YJ, Lee HS, Chang HJ, Lee KE, et al. Development of food safety and nutrition education contents for the elderly -by focus group interview and delphi technique-. Korean J Community Nutr 2012;17(2):167–181.
6. Lee MS. Health-related factors influencing the quality of life of rural elderly subjects -activities of daily living, cognitive functions, prevalence of chronic diseases and nutritional assessment. Korean J Community Nutr 2012;17(6):772–781.
7. Yim KS. The effects of a nutrition education program for hypertensive female elderly at the public health center. Korean J Community Nutr 2008;13(5):640–652.
8. Kwak CS, Cho JH, Yon MY, Park SC. Anthropometric index, dietary habits and nutrient intake of the oldest-old population aged 95 and over living in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 2012;17(5):603–622.
9. Bae JS, Kim MH, Kim SB. Effects of nutrition education and personalized lunch service program for elderly at senior welfare center in Jeonju. Korean J Community Nutr 2013;18(1):65–76.
10. Park JY, Kim JN, Hong WS, Shin WS. Survey on present use and future demand for the convenience food in the elderly group. Korean J Community Nutr 2012;17(1):81–90.
11. Kwak KS, Bae YJ, Kim MH. Nutritional status dietary quality in the low-income elderly residing at home or in health care facilities. J Korean Diet Assoc 2008;14(4):337–350.
12. Hong SY, Seo SH. Job performance frequency and the training needs of dieticians in elderly healthcare facilities. J Korean Diet Assoc 2010;16(2):160–177.
13. Cho EH, Chang HJ, Kwak TK. Analysis of the job activities and demand of dietitian in the elderly healthcare facilities. J Korean Diet Assoc 2006;12(4):313–328.
14. Choi BS, Kwon SY, Seo JY, Lee IS, Lee HJ. Comparison of nutrient intake and meal service satisfaction of elderly at the local community centers: Free and reduced meal service charge. Korean J Community Nutr 2005;10(3):303–310.