Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.21(1) > 1038530

Korean J Community Nutr. 2016 Feb;21(1):1-11. Korean.
Published online February 29, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2016.21.1.1
Copyright © 2016 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Evaluation of Nutrition Quotient and Related Factors in Preschool Children
Yeon Hyang Jung and Jung Hee Kim
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea.

Corresponding author: Jung Hee Kim. Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul Women's University, 621 Hwarang-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01797, Korea. Tel: (02) 970-5646, Fax: (02) 976-4049, Email: jheekim@swu.ac.kr
Received December 29, 2015; Revised January 29, 2016; Accepted February 18, 2016.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Objectives

This study was conducted to evaluate the nutrition quotient (NQ) by gender and understand which factors influence NQ in preschool children.

Methods

Subjects were 245 children (110 boys, 135 girls) aged 4-6 years and their parents. The questionnaire composed of demographic characteristics, eating behavior factors and the NQ questions. The NQ consisted of 19 food behavior checklist items and all items were grouped into 5 factors: balance, diversity, moderation, regularity, and practice. Inbody J05, a measurement device that measures individual's body composition was used to measure children's anthropometric data. All data were statistically analyzed by SPSS program (Ver. 20) and the statistical differences in variables were evaluated by Student t-test, χ2-test, One-way ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test.

Results

The total NQ score of the subjects was 65.3. The NQ score of girls (67.0) was significantly higher than that of the boys (63.2) (p<0.01). The girls' average scores of NQ factors including diversity (p<0.01) and practice (p<0.05) were higher than those of the boys. The analysis of related-factors influencing NQ scores showed that there was a significant difference among the groups according to feeding methods during infancy (p<0.05), breast feeding group being the highest. Furthermore, the NQ score showed a significant difference depending on how to correct children's unbalanced diet as well as parents' nutrition knowledge. The NQ score of obesity group tended to be lower than that of underweight group although there was no significant difference.

Conclusions

Overall results indicated that the girls had better quality of diet and eating habits than the boys. Children and their parents need proper nutrition education and counseling to correct children's eating habits and to improve diet quality in kindergartens and in children care centers.

Keywords: nutrition quotient; eating behavior; preschool children; NQ related factors

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of preschool children
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Table 2
Anthropometric measurements of preschool children
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Table 3
NQ score of preschool children
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Table 4
Comparison of checklist items for each factor of NQ
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Table 5
Analysis of NQ influencing factors
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Table 6
NQ and its factors by growth index
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Table 7
NQ and its factors by BMI percentile
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