Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.18(1) > 1038448

Korean J Community Nutr. 2013 Feb;18(1):65-76. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2013.18.1.65
Copyright © 2013 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Effects of Nutrition Education and Personalized Lunch Service Program for Elderly at Senior Welfare Center in Jeonju
Jeong-Sook Bae, Mi-Hyun Kim,1 and Sook-Bae Kim2
Graduate School of Education, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.
1Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition, Kangwon National University, Kangwon, Korea.
2Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition, Research Institute of Human Ecology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.

Corresponding author: Sook-Bae Kim, Chonbuk National University, 664-14, Duk-Jin Dong 1-Ga, Duk-Jin Gu, Jeonju 561-756, Korea. Tel: (063) 270-3823, Fax: (063) 270-3854, Email: sbkim@jbnu.ac.kr
Received October 29, 2012; Revised February 22, 2013; Accepted February 22, 2013.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a nutrition education and personalized lunch service program in a senior welfare center. A total of 30 elderly (14 males, 16 females) aged 62~89 years participated in this study. Nutrition education lessons (2 hour/lesson/week) were provided for 4 weeks. Also, ten weeks from week 3rd to week 12th, personalized lunch providing 1/3 personal needed energy was served 5 times for a week. After the nutrition intervention program, we compared anthropometric characteristics, blood biochemical characteristics, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitude and dietary intake using 24 hr recall with those before the intervention. The body weight (p < 0.001) and body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001) were decreased. There were significant increases in score of nutrition knowledge (p < 0.01) and consumption of milk & milk products for snacks. There was a positive effect on fasting blood sugar (FBS) showing significant decreases in portion of impaired fasting glucose and diabetes mellitus (p < 0.05). Also, serum triglyceride (TG) was significantly decreased (p < 0.05). In evaluation of nutrient intake by Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans (KDRIs), riboflavin (p < 0.01), vitamin C (p < 0.001), calcium (p < 0.05) were positively improved. The index of nutritional quality (INQ) and intakes of vitamin C (p < 0.001), riboflavin (p < 0.05), Ca (p < 0.01) and Fe (p < 0.05) were increased. In conclusion, this nutrition education and lunch service program providing 1/3 personal needed energy can be used to develop and implement a tailored nutritional intervention programs in the setting of a community senior welfare center to improve health and nutritional status of Korean elderly.

Keywords: nutrition education; senior welfare center; personalized lunch service; elderly

Tables


Table 1
Contents and tools of nutrition education
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Table 2
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 3
Characteristics of anthropometry between pre-test and post-test
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Table 4
Eating habits between pre-test and post-test
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Table 5
Dietary attitude between pre-test and post-test
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Table 6
Nutrition knowledge between pre-test and post-test
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Table 7
Blood biochemical parameters between pre-test and post-test
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Table 8
Energy and nutrient intakes between pre-test and post-test
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Table 9
INQ between pre-test and post-test
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