Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.18(1) > 1038439

Korean J Community Nutr. 2013 Feb;18(1):55-64. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2013.
Copyright © 2013 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Effect of Nutrition Education on Improving Dietary Attitudes, Food Habits and Food Frequency - Female in Twenties Shift Work in Gyeonggi Area
Seung-Lim Lee
Department of Food Nutrition & Cooking, Sangji Youngseo College, Wonju, Korea.

Corresponding author: Seung-Lim Lee, Sangji Youngseo College, 84, Sangjidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do 220-713, Korea. Tel: (033) 730-0790, Fax: (033) 730-0790, Email:
Received January 18, 2013; Revised February 18, 2013; Accepted February 21, 2013.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study was conducted to investigate the effect of nutrition education on improving dietary attitudes, food habits and Food Frequency of 32 female shift workers by administering questionnaires. Dietary nutrient consumption data were obtained from the female shift workers by using 1 day 24-hr recall. The results were as follows: Score on 'Concerns about health (p < 0.05)' was significantly higher after-training. Dietary attitude (32.3 vs. 34.9, p < 0.01) and food habits (60.2 vs. 67.1, p < 0.01) were significantly higher after thetraining. Scores on 'Eating a lot of food that I want to eat is more important than nutrition (p < 0.01)', 'I have a tendency to use instant foods when I am busy (p < 0.01)', 'I am interested in information on nutrition and health (p < 0.01)' were significantly higher after the training. Scores on 'I have three meals a day (p < 0.001)', 'I have breakfast regularly (p < 0.01)', 'I take vegetables other than kimchi at every meal (p < 0.01)', 'I drink milk every day (p < 0.001)', 'I eat fruits every day (p < 0.01)', and 'I apply nutrition knowledge to daily life (p < 0.001)' were significantly higher after the training. Protein (p < 0.05), fiber (p < 0.05), vitamin C (p < 0.01), and calcium (p < 0.001) intakes were significantly higher after the training. These results showed that nutrition education had improved the dietary attitudes, food habits, and nutrient intakes. Therefore, we conclude that providing more systematic and appropriate nutrition education to shift workers during their tenure of office period is likely to improve dietary attitudes, food habits, and nutrient intakes.

Keywords: nutrition education; dietary attitudes; food habits; food frequency; shift work


Table 1
The contents of 15-week nutrition intervention program for the shift workers
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Table 2
General characteristics of the shift workers
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Table 3
Health condition of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
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Table 4
Dietary attitudes of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
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Table 5
Food habits of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
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Table 6
Beverages frequency of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
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Table 7
Dietary nutrient intakes of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
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