Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.18(1) > 1038439

Korean J Community Nutr. 2013 Feb;18(1):55-64. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2013.18.1.55
Copyright © 2013 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Effect of Nutrition Education on Improving Dietary Attitudes, Food Habits and Food Frequency - Female in Twenties Shift Work in Gyeonggi Area
Seung-Lim Lee
Department of Food Nutrition & Cooking, Sangji Youngseo College, Wonju, Korea.

Corresponding author: Seung-Lim Lee, Sangji Youngseo College, 84, Sangjidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do 220-713, Korea. Tel: (033) 730-0790, Fax: (033) 730-0790, Email: dietabcd@daum.net
Received January 18, 2013; Revised February 18, 2013; Accepted February 21, 2013.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of nutrition education on improving dietary attitudes, food habits and Food Frequency of 32 female shift workers by administering questionnaires. Dietary nutrient consumption data were obtained from the female shift workers by using 1 day 24-hr recall. The results were as follows: Score on 'Concerns about health (p < 0.05)' was significantly higher after-training. Dietary attitude (32.3 vs. 34.9, p < 0.01) and food habits (60.2 vs. 67.1, p < 0.01) were significantly higher after thetraining. Scores on 'Eating a lot of food that I want to eat is more important than nutrition (p < 0.01)', 'I have a tendency to use instant foods when I am busy (p < 0.01)', 'I am interested in information on nutrition and health (p < 0.01)' were significantly higher after the training. Scores on 'I have three meals a day (p < 0.001)', 'I have breakfast regularly (p < 0.01)', 'I take vegetables other than kimchi at every meal (p < 0.01)', 'I drink milk every day (p < 0.001)', 'I eat fruits every day (p < 0.01)', and 'I apply nutrition knowledge to daily life (p < 0.001)' were significantly higher after the training. Protein (p < 0.05), fiber (p < 0.05), vitamin C (p < 0.01), and calcium (p < 0.001) intakes were significantly higher after the training. These results showed that nutrition education had improved the dietary attitudes, food habits, and nutrient intakes. Therefore, we conclude that providing more systematic and appropriate nutrition education to shift workers during their tenure of office period is likely to improve dietary attitudes, food habits, and nutrient intakes.

Keywords: nutrition education; dietary attitudes; food habits; food frequency; shift work

Tables


Table 1
The contents of 15-week nutrition intervention program for the shift workers
Click for larger image


Table 2
General characteristics of the shift workers
Click for larger image


Table 3
Health condition of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
Click for larger image


Table 4
Dietary attitudes of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
Click for larger image


Table 5
Food habits of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
Click for larger image


Table 6
Beverages frequency of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
Click for larger image


Table 7
Dietary nutrient intakes of the shift workers between before-training and after-training
Click for larger image

References
1. Bara AC, Arbor S. Working shifts and mental health findings from the British household panel survey(1995-2005). Scand J Work Environ Health 2009;35(5):361–367.
2. Boivin DB, Themblay GM, James FO. Working on atypical schedules. Sleep Med 2007;8(6):578–589.
3. Byun KW. Annual differences in food habits and dietary attitudes of new college female students in the department of food and nutrition for 6 years(2003-2008). Korean J Food Nutr 2009;22(4):560–569.
4. Caruso CC, Rosa RR. Shift work and long work hours. In: Rom WN, editor. Environmental and occupational biomechanics. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippioncott Williams & Wikins; 2007. pp. 1363-1539.
5. Caruso CC, Lusk SL, Gillespie B. Relationship of work sachedules to gastrointestinal diagnoses, symptoms, and medication use in auto factory workers. Am J Ind Med 2004;46(6):586–598.
6. Choi SK, Lee KS, Lee JW, Koo JW, Park CY. Health behavior paractices and needs for health promotion program according to shift work pattern in subway workers. Korean J Occup Environ Med 2003;15(1):37–51.
7. Choi HM, Kim JH, Lee JH, Kim CI, Song KH, Chang KJ, Min HS, Lim KS, Lee HM, Kim KW, Kim HS, Yeun UY. In: Nutrition & Health. 2nd. Seoul: Life Seience Publishing Co; 2006. pp. 3-224.
8. Chung HK, Kim MK, Woo NRY. The effect of life stress on eating habit of university students in Chungcheongnam-do province. Korean J Food Cult 2007;22(2):176–184.
9. Hwang JH, Lee HM. A study on lifestyles, dietary habits, nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviors of mail university students according residence type. Korean J Community Nutr 2007;12(4):381–395.
10. Jin YH. The study on dietary habits, dietary behaviors and nutrition Knowledge of middle school students in the small city. J Korean Diet Assoc 2001;7(4):320–330.
11. Jang JH, Cho SH. Effectiveness of worksite nutrition counseling for hyperlipedmic empolyees in Kyunh-buk area. J Korean Diet Assoc 1999;5(1):1–9.
12. Kang HJ, Byun KW. Effect of two-year course of food and nutrition on improving nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes and food habits of junior college female students. Korean J Community Nutr 2010;15(6):750–759.
13. Kim IS, Yu HH, Han HS. Effects of nutrition knowledge, dietary attitude, dietary habits and life style on the health of college students in the chumgnam area. Korean J Community Nutr 2002a;7(1):45–57.
14. Kim SJ. In: Dietary behavior and food intake state of women in twenties working in shift at coffee houses. Hanyang University; 2011. pp. 10-30.
MS thesis.
15. Kim TY, Suh MO. The effect of nutrition education on weight control in male workers by the community health center. J Korean Diet Assoc 2008;14(4):351–360.
16. Kim YK. In: Health Status and Quality of life in shift-workers. Dong-A University; 2002. pp. 1-18.
MS thesis.
17. Kim YG, Yoon DY, Kim JI, Chae CH, Hong YS, Yang CG, Kim JM, Jung KY, Kim JY. Effects of health on shift-work-general and psychological health, sleep, stress, quaility of life. Korean J Occup Environ Med 2002b;14(3):247–256.
18. Korean Nutrition SocietyDietary Reference Intakes For Koreans(first revision, 2010). 2010 [cited 2010 March 3].
19. Korean Nutrition Society. CAN-pro 4.0(Computer Aided nutrition Analysis Program). Seoul: Korean Nutrition Society; 2010.
20. Korean Society for the Study of ObesityObesity fact sheet. 2010 [cited 2010 September 14].
21. Knutsson A. Methodological aspects of shift-work research. Chronobiol Int 2004;21(6):1037–1047.
22. Lee JT, Lee KJ, Park JB, Lee KW, Jang KY. The relationships between shiftwork and sleep disturbance in a university hospital nurses. Korean J Occup Environ Med 2007;19(3):223–230.
23. Lee JW, Lee HS, Chang NS, Kim JM. The relationship between nutrition knowledge scores and dietary behavior, dietary intakes and anthropometric parameters amang primary school children participating in a nutrition education program. Korean J Nutr 2009;42(4):338–349.
24. Lee KJ, Kim JJ. Relationship of shift work to cardiovascular and gastrointestinal symptoms in Korean female workers. Korean J Occup Environ Med 2008;20(4):362–371.
25. Lee MS, Kang HJ, Oh HS, Paek YM, Choue RW, Park YK, Choi TI. Effects of worksite nutrition counseling for health promotion, twelve-weeks of nutrition counseling has positive effect on metabolic syndrome risk factors in male works. Korean J Community Nutr 2008;13(1):46–61.
26. Lee SA. In: A comparative study on dietary habits and health related factors in the shift-work and the day work poliocemen. Wonkwang University; 2009a. pp. 16-69.
MS thesis.
27. Lee SL. Effect of Nutrition Counseling on Diabetes Management in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. J Korean Diet Assoc 2009b;15(2):188–196.
28. Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs. Health Plan 2010 (2006~2010) - 2008 Action Program : Health Promotion for industrial empolyees. Seoul: 2008. pp. 313-318.
29. Ministry of Health and Welfare [MOHW] & Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention [KCDCP]. Korea health Statistics 2009: Korea national health and health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANS IV-3). Seoul: 2010.
30. Morgan S. In: Super Size Me, The Con, Fortissimo Films. 2004.
31. Noh D, Wang JH, Choi HL, Lim SY, Kim KW, Won CW, Choi KJ. The effect of shift work on the level of self-rated health. Korean J Occup Environ Med 2010;22(3):200–209.
32. Park MS, Kim SA. Effect of nutrition education on improving diet behaviors of university students. Korean J Community Nutr 2005;10(2):189–195.
33. Park SY, Chae JR, Jang MY. The effect of workplace health promotion on health strength and blood of shift workers. J Sport Leis Stud 2008;34(2):1041–1052.
34. Puttonen S, Hrm M, Hublin C. Shift work and cardiovascular disease-pathway from circadian stress to morbidly. Scand J Work Environ Health 2010;36(2):96–108.
35. Seo YJ. In: A study on the relation between food habit and stress status of adults in Chungnam. Kongju National University; 2012. pp. 1-20.
MS thesis.
36. Sim KS, Lee KH. The effect of nutrition education on nutrition knowledge and health improvement in dyslipidemic industrial empolyees. J Korean Diet Assoc 2012;18(1):43–58.
37. Yoon HS, Lee SO. A study on the nutrition knowledge, dietary behavior and nutrient intakes of the deaf-mite high school students. Korean J Nutr 2002;35(9):982–995.
38. You HJ. In: Study of eating habits and food intakes of industrial workers who works day and night. Kyunghee University; 2010. pp. 4-52.
MS thesis.