Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.18(4) > 1038424

Kim, Jun, and Rha: Comparison of Serum Adiponectin Levels According to Body Mass Index and Dietary Behaviors of Female University Students in Seoul


This study was conducted to determine whether dietary factors could be related with serum adiponectin concentrations in 243, year-three female university students living in Seoul. The mean of body mass index (BMI) and adiponectin levels of all subjects were 20.17 kg/m2 and 11.07 µg/ml, respectively. When the subjects were divided into 3 groups based on BMI (underweight: < 18.5, normal: 18.5 ≤ < 23, overweight and obesity: ≥ 23), serum adiponectin levels in underweight group was significantly higher than that in 'normal' or 'overweight and 'obesity' groups. Also when the subjects were divided into two groups by mean adequacy ratio (MAR), serum adiponectin concentration of the high MAR group (MAR > 75) was slightly higher than that the low MAR group (MAR ≤ 75). Serum adiponectin levels showed a negative correlation with body weight (p < 0.01) or BMI (p < 0.001) and a positive correlation with intakes of of animal or total protein (please clarify) or vegetable protein.Among the dietary behaviors, serum adiponectin levels of females who answered 'yes' to the question about 'eating breakfast' was significantly higher than that of those who answered 'sometimes' or 'No' (p < 0.05) and serum adiponectin levels were higher among those who reported higher fruit intakes. Overall, our results suggested that healthy lifestyle including acceptable BMI, eating breakfast and higher fruit consumption might play an important role in the prevention of obesity and enhancement of blood adiponectin levels.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Comparison of anthropometric characteristics and blood biochemical indices on BMI groups in female university students

1) Underweight: body mass index is less than 18.5

2) Normal: 18.5 ≤ body mass index < 23

3) Overweight & Obesity: body mass index ≥ 23

4) Mean ± SD

5) BMI: Body mass index

6) SBP: systolic blood pressure

7) DBP: diastolic blood pressure

NS: not significant

abc: Means with the different superscripts are significantly different at p < 0.05 by Duncan's multiple range test.

Table 2
Correlation coefficient among adiponectin level, antrophometric and biochemical indices in university students

1) BMI: body mass index, 2) T-chol: total cholesterol, 3) SBP: systolic blood pressure, 4) DBP: diastolic blood pressure

*: p < 0.05, **: p < 0.01, ***: p < 0.001 by pearson's correlation coefficient

Table 3
Comparison of serum adiponectin level and antrophometric and biochemical indices by low and high mean adequacy ratio (MAR) groups in female university students

1) Low MAR; low mean adequacy ratio group (≤ 0.75)

2) High MAR; high mean adequacy ratio group (> 0.75)

3) Mean ± SD

4) BMI: Body mass index

5) SBP: systolic blood pressure

6) DBP: diastolic blood pressure

NS; not significant by t-test, **: p < 0.01

Table 4
Correlation coefficient among nutritional intakes and serum adiponectin levels in female university students

*: p < 0.05, **: p < 0.01 by pearson's correlation coefficient

Table 5
Comparison of serum adiponectin levels according to dietary behaviors in female university students

1) Mean ± SD

ab: Means with the different superscripts are significantly different among dietary behavior groups at p < 0.05 by Duncan's multiple range test


This research was supported by a research grant from Seoul Women's University.


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