Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.17(5) > 1038384

Korean J Community Nutr. 2012 Oct;17(5):603-622. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2012.  https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2012.17.5.603
Copyright © 2012 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Anthropometric Index, Dietary Habits and Nutrient Intake of the Oldest-old Population Aged 95 and Over Living in Seoul
Chung Shil Kwak, Ji Hyun Cho, Miyong Yon,1 and Sang Chul Park2
Institute on Aging Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
1Nutrition Policy Team, Department of Health Industry & Policy, Korea Heallth Industry Development Institute, Osong, Korea.
2Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institute, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea.

Corresponding author: Chung Shil Kwak, Institute on Aging Seoul National University, 199-1 Dongsoong-Dong, Chongno-Gu, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Annex Building, Seoul 110-510, Korea. Tel: (02) 740-8506, Fax: (02) 742-0628, Email: kwakcs@snu.ac.kr
Received July 27, 2012; Revised September 18, 2012; Accepted September 18, 2012.

Abstract

The population aged 95 years and older in Seoul approximately increased to five-fold over the past 10 years, while nationwide rates increased to three-fold. In order to examine the dietary habit and nutritional status of oldest-old population living in Seoul, we recruited 87 subjects (25 males and 62 females) aged 95 years and older. The prevalence of underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) were 18.2% and 18.2% in males, and 20.8% and 9.4% in females, respectively. In self-assessment of health, only 25.3% answered to be unhealthy. More males exercised regularly and reported a wide range of activities than females. The average of %Kcal from carbohydrate, protein and fat (C : P : F) was 64.9 : 13.8 : 21.2 in males and 68.1 : 14.2 : 17.7 in females. The average daily energy intake was 1,307 kcal in males and 1,304 kcal in females. More than 75% of subjects were taking under estimated average requirements (EAR) for vitamin B1, B2 & C and Ca. The average of mean adequacy ratio (MAR) was 0.66 in males and 0.70 in females, and 28.8% of males and 12.9% of females were in MAR < 0.50. Based on MAR, 32.0% of males and 14.5% females were classified as normal and 16.0% of males and 25.8% of females were classified as malnourished. Our subjects were taking more animal food, especially milk and its products, compared to those living, in rural areas. However, a significant proportion did not meet the EAR for vitamin B1, B2 & C and Ca.

Keywords: urban; oldest-old population; anthropometric index; nutrient intake; dietary habit

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of subjects
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Table 2
Physical measurement
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Table 3
Health status and life style
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Table 4
Dietary behavior
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Table 5
Average daily food intake (g/day)
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Table 6
The average daily nutrient intake of subjects
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Table 7
Percent EER and RI of nutrient intake of subjects
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Table 8
Prevalence of nutrient intake under EAR
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Table 9
Index of Nutrient Quality (INQ) and Man Adequacy Ratio (MAR)
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Table 10
Food intake diversity and meal balance
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Table 11
Mini-Nutrition Assessment (MNA) of subjects
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Table 12
Nutrient intake and dietary factors according to nutritional status assessed by MNA
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Notes

This work was supported by Seoul city government grant (2009) and the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Korean government (2009-0093587)

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