Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.17(5) > 1038380

Korean J Community Nutr. 2012 Oct;17(5):543-554. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2012.  https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2012.17.5.543
Copyright © 2012 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
A Study on Nutritional Status and Dietary Quality of University Students by Body Image
Jee-Young Yeon, Seung-Hee Hong,1 and Yun-Jung Bae1
Nutrition Policy Division, Nutrition Policy Office, Korea Food and Drug Administration, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea.
1Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Hanbuk University, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Corresponding author: Yun-Jung Bae, Department of Food and Nutritional Sceiences Hanbuk University, 233-1 Sangpae-dong, Dongducheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 483-777, Korea. Tel: (031) 860-1445, Fax: (031) 860-1449, Email: byj@hanbuk.ac.kr
Received September 13, 2012; Revised October 29, 2012; Accepted October 29, 2012.

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the satisfaction of body image, dietary habits, nutrition intake and dietary quality according to body image of university students (n = 290). The subjects (male = 178, female = 112) were classified to lean, normal and overweight/fat groups according to body image. The weight, body fat and body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in the students who recognized their body image as 'overweight/fat'. The satisfaction of body image, interest of weight control and experience of weight control were significantly higher in students who recognized their body image as 'normal' in both the male and female subjects. The intakes of nutrients, dietary habits and life styles were not different according to body image. In the male subjects, the niacin intake density, the nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) of vitamin B1 and the dietary diversity score (DDS) in the students who recognized their body image as 'overweight/fat' were significantly lower than in students who recognized their body image as 'normal' and 'lean'. In female subjects, no significant differences in nutrient intakes, NAR, MAR and DDS were observed according to body image. Future studies with a larger sample size are needed for further assessment of the relationship between nutritional status/diet quality and body image in university students.

Keywords: body image; diet quality; university students; satisfaction with body image

Figures


Fig. 1
Dietary diversity score (DDS) of subjects by body image.
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Tables


Table 1
Age and anthropometric measurements of subjects by gender
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Table 2
Age and anthropometric measurements of subjects by body image
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Table 3
Satisfaction with body image and interest of weight control in subjects by body image
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Table 4
Life style and dietary habits of subjects by body image
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Table 5
Mean daily energy and nutrient intakes of subjects by body image
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Table 6
Food intakes from each food group of subjects by body image
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Table 7
NAR and MAR of subjects by body image
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Table 8
Distribution of food group intake pattern (GMVFD)1) of subjects by body image
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