Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.28(4) > 1140631

J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Dec;28(4):393-403. Korean.
Published online Dec 31, 2019.
© 2019 The Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Factors associated with Suicidal Ideation of Elderly People based on Complete Enumeration of a Community Setting
Soo Jung Lee and Eun Joo Lee
Assistance Professor, Department of Nursing, Kyungnam University, Changwon, Korea.

Corresponding author: Lee, Eun Joo. Department of Nursing, Kyungnam University, 7 Kyungnamdaehak-ro, Masanhappo-gu, Changwon 51767, Korea. Tel: +82-55-249-2424, Fax: +82-55-249-22722, Email:
Received Nov 11, 2019; Revised Dec 09, 2019; Accepted Dec 16, 2019.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purposes of this study were to investigate relationships of depression, hopelessness, self-esteem, and social support with suicide ideation and to identify factors associated with suicidal ideation of elderly people.


A descriptive correlational study was conducted with 100 elderly people residing in a community setting. Data were collected in September 2019 through structured questionnaires to assess depression, hopelessness, self-esteem, social support, and suicide ideation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA with Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression analyses.


Presence of spouse (t=−3.32, p<.001), satisfaction in children relationships (F=3.56, p=.032), overall life assessment (F=3.94, p=.023), and pain/ill-being (t=−2.04, p=.043) showed significant differences in suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation and self-esteem were negatively correlated (r=−.49, p<.001). Depression and suicidal ideation(r=.56, p<.001) and hopelessness and suicidal ideation (r=.49, p<.001) were positively correlated. Factors of suicidal ideation of elderly people were depression (β=.36, p=.017) and self-esteem (β=−.21, p=.046), that explained 30.1% of the total variance in the proposed model.


A community intervention programs for preventing suicide among elderly people should include nursing strategies about depression and self-esteem. In addition, partnership with elder's spouse could be helpful to reduce suicidal ideation.

Keywords: Aged; Suicide; Depression; Self concept


Table 1
General and Health Characteristics of Participants (N=100)
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Table 2
Differences in Suicidal Ideation of Elders by General and Health Characteristics (N=100)
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Table 3
Descriptive Statistics of Study Variables (N=100)
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Table 4
Correlations among Study Variables related to Suicide Ideation (N=100)
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Table 5
Factors of Suicidal Ideation among Elderly People (N=100)
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CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:The authors declared no conflict of interest.

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