Journal List > Perspect Nurs Sci > v.16(2) > 1136564

Lee, Bang, Kim, Lee, and Jo: Development and Application of the Korean Prototype of Wellness Index



This study aimed to develop the Korean Prototype of Wellness Index (KP-WI) and identify the relationship between Koreans' health characteristics and wellness.


The Wellness Index (WI) was translated into the primitive version of the KP-WI, considering the Koreans' culture and health behavior. It was administered to 223 service industrial employees at one workplace along with the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Stress Questionnaire-Short Form. Data analyses included item-total correlation, Pearson's correlation coefficient, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA.


The primitive version was modified to KP-WI based on the item-total correlation. The items considered to lower the reliability of the KP-WI were eliminated. Cronbach's α for each subscale ranged from .857 to .939. Perceived stress and negative emotions correlated significantly with wellness measured by KP-WI (r=−.29, p<.001; r=−.27, p<.001). Positive emotions correlated significantly with wellness (r=.60, p<.001).


This study contributes to the development of Korean-style wellness indexes by developing a prototype and exploring the factors related to wellness.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

The Structure and Factors of Wellness Index

Table 2

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Participants (N=223)

Table 3

Correlations between Wellness and Perceived Stress, or Emotional States (N=223)


FM=Finding meaning; NE=Negative emotion; PE=Positive emotion; PS=Perceived stress; P & W=Playing & working; Self-Love=Self-responsibility & love; TRSC=Transcending.

Table 4

The Relationship between Wellness and Sociodemographic Characteristics of Participants (N=223)


*Missing values are excluded; Married, cohabiting, separated and divorced; Mann-Whitney U test.


This work has been supported by a research grant from ⓒ SERVEONE.



The Korean Prototype of Wellness Index



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