Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.25(4) > 1134998

J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2019 Sep;25(4):317-328. Korean.
Published online Sep 30, 2019.  https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2019.25.4.317
Copyright © 2019 Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
Relationship among Nursing Professionalism, Nursing Work Environment, and Patient Safety Nursing Activities in General Hospital Nurses
Mi-Aie Lee,1 Sunjoo Kang,2 and Hye Sun Hyun3
1Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, Korea.
2Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Sangmyung University, Korea.

Corresponding author: Kang, Sunjoo. Graduate School of Public Health, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea. Tel: +82-2-2228-0994, Fax: +82-2-2227-6572, Email: ksj5139@hanmail.net
Received Mar 17, 2019; Revised May 02, 2019; Accepted Jun 17, 2019.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

This study was done to identify the relationships among nursing professionalism, nursing work environment, and patient safety activities, and to analyze the factors influencing nurses' patient safety nursing activities.

Methods

This descriptive study included 270 nurses from six general hospitals. Questionnaires were used to collect data between August 20 and September 21, 2018, using questionnaires. Analyses included descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression, conducted using IBM SPSS/WIN 21.0.

Results

Mean scores on nursing professionalism, nursing work environment, and patient safety nursing activities were 3.51±0.41, 2.44±0.45, and 4.39±0.50, respectively. The patient safety nursing activities score was positively correlated with subscales of nursing professionalism variable: professional self-concept (r=.15, p=.019), social recognition (r=.10, p=.036), professional identity in nursing (r=.24, p<.001), role of nursing practice (r=.16, p=.012), nursing foundation for quality of care (r=.19, p=.003), and nurse manager's ability (r=.14, p=.031). Patient safety nursing activities were influenced by professional identity in nursing (β=.22, p=.001) and nursing foundation for quality of care (β=.15, p=.001), which explained 8.0% of the variance.

Conclusion

These results suggest that nurse managers should focus on creating an appropriate nursing environment and facilitating nursing professionalism to enhance hospital nurses' patient safety nursing activities.

Keywords: Nurse; Nursing activities; Patient safety; Professionalism; Work environment

Tables


Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=245)
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Table 2
Nursing Professionalism, Nursing Work Environment, Patient Safety Nursing Activities (N=245)
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Table 3
Differences of Perceived Nursing Professionalism, Nursing Work Environment, Patient Safety Nursing Activities according to Participants' General Characteristics (N=245)
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Table 4
Correlation among Perceived Nursing Professionalism, Nursing Work Environment, Patient Safety Nursing Activities (N=245)
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Table 5
Factors influencing Patient Safety Nursing Activities (N=245)
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