Journal List > J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > v.28(3) > 1134595

Kwon and Han: Factors associated with Interpersonal Relationship Ability of Undergraduates: A Mediation Analysis of Smartphone Addiction Tendency

Abstract

Purpose

The aims of this study were to evaluate a hypothetical model explaining undergraduates' interpersonal relationship ability associated with the stress of life, self-esteem, and their communication ability and to identify the mediating effect of a smartphone addiction tendency on the identified associations.

Methods

Data were collected from 201 undergraduates using a structured questionnaire from August to September 2017. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and structural equation modeling with SPSS AMOS 22.0.

Results

The participants' interpersonal relationship ability was 65.9%, explained by the stress of life, self-esteem, communication ability, and smartphone addiction tendency. The factors of undergraduates' interpersonal relationship ability were self-esteem (β=.10, p<.01) and communication ability (β=.14, p<.001). Stress of life (β=.15, p<.01) directly affected the participants' smartphone addiction tendency, which was not associated with interpersonal relationship ability.

Conclusion

Based on our study findings, self-esteem and communication ability should be considered for developing nursing interventions to improve interpersonal relationship ability. However, a smartphone addiction tendency may be managed for undergraduates who experience excessive stress of life rather than interpersonal relationship ability. Thus, a tailored approach targeting specific needs or competence should be developed based on our data-based framework.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Path diagram for the modified model.

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Table 1

General Characteristic of Study Participants (N=201)

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Table 2

Fitness indices of the Hypothetical Model & Modified Model

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DF=degree of freedom; GFI=goodness of fit index; TLI=Tucker-Lewis index; CFI=comparative fit index; NFI=normed fit index; RMSEA=root mean squared error of approximation.

Table 3

Parameter Estimation of Modified Model

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SE=standard error; CR=critical ration; SMC=squared multiple correlation.

Table 4

Effect Analysis of Modified Model

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SE=standard error; *p<.01, **p<.001.

Notes

This article is a revision of the first author Kwon, Eun Jung's master's thesis from Korea University.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflict of interest.

Appendix

Appendix 1

Correlation of Variables

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