Journal List > J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > v.60(9) > 1133043

Park and Kim: Choroidal Effusion after Consecutive General Anesthesia



To report a case of extensive choroidal effusion following the Valsalva maneuver under consecutive general anesthesia.

Case summary

A 41-year-old man who underwent panretinal photocoagulation with proliferative diabetic retinopathy had pars plana vitrectomy and endolaser photocoagulation under general anesthesia due to vitreous hemorrhage. Urology cooperated as the patient had hematuria; the day after the operation, he was transferred to the urology department. Two days after vitrectomy, the patient had an urgent transurethral bladder tumor resection under general anesthesia with suspicion of bladder tumor. At 6 days postoperatively, extensive choroidal effusion was observed from 8 to 10 o'clock on fundus examination and ultrasonography. On day 23 after urological surgery, the choroidal effusion had disappeared without treatment.


Consecutive general anesthesia requires caution, as it is not only burdensome to the body as a whole but may also cause choroidal effusion in the eye.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Wide-field fundus photography and B-scan ultrasonography of the right eye. (A, B) Choroidal detachment was shown at temporal quadrant (arrowheads) 6 days after vitrectomy (4 days after 2nd general anesthesia). (C, D) Choroidal detachment disappeared without treatment 25 days after vitrectomy (23 days after 2nd general anesthesia).

Figure 2

Optical coherence tomography scans showing choroidal thickness of the right eye. Choroidal thickness was 374 µm, (A, B) 6 days after operation (4 days after 2nd general anesthesia). Choroidal thickness decreased by 281 µm (C, D) 25 days after operation (23 days after 2nd general anesthesia). Choroidal effusion disappeared without treatment.



Conflicts of Interest The authors have no conflicts to disclose.


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