Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.13(4) > 1127459

Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2007 Dec;13(4):280-289. Korean.
Published online May 22, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2007.13.4.280
Copyright © 2007 Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing
A Survey of Food and Nutrient Intakes in Female College Students
Dong Sook Cho,1 and Jeung Yun Lee2
1Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Eulji University, Korea.
2Associate Professor, Food & Nutrition Major, Eulji University, Korea.

Corresponding author (Email: Leejy@eulji.ac.kr )
Received Aug 16, 2007; Accepted Dec 05, 2007.

Abstract

Purpose

The study was done to investigate Food and Nutrient Intakes of female college students and define differences between teen-age groups and women in their twenties.

Method

The subjects of this study were 821 female college students. They were eighteen to twenty nine years old. Nutrient intakes were measured by the Moon, S. J. Scale (1980). Data was collected from June 13 to June, 27. Data was analyzed with the SPSS program by Chi-test, t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficients.

Result

Female college students' mean intake of calories, protein, fat, and carbohydrates were 1560.7±367.71kcal, 62.0±19.03g, 33.1±9.85g, and 253.7±57.52g respectively. Their mean intake of calcium, phosphorus and iron were 592.9±221.82mg, 918.2±284.24mg and 13.7±4.50mg respectively. Intake of calories, calcium, iron and vitamine B1 were below their Percent of Recommended Intake. Nutrient intakes showed a significant difference between age groups. Teen-age female college students had more nutrient intakes than the women in their twenties. In addition, there was a difference in food consumption behaviors between the teen-age group and the twenty-something group.

Conclusion

The nutrient intake of female college students changed by age. Many teen-age female college students ate breakfast well, thus their intake of calories, protein, fat, carbohydrates, minerals such as calcium, phosporus and vitamins was significantly higher than the over twenty years old students. Teen-age female college students like fruits and sugars but over twenty years college students preferred coffee. This study can be useful in directing a dietary consumption status of women to improve nutritional health.

Keywords: Eating; Nutritional surverys; Women