Journal List > Korean J Occup Environ Med > v.20(1) > 1125740

Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2008 Mar;20(1):25-36. Korean.
Published online Jan 29, 2019.  https://doi.org/10.35371/kjoem.2008.20.1.25
Copyright © 2008 The Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
The Cost of Occupational Health and Safety in Manufacturing Factories
Wonki Oh, Hyeongsu Kim, Changsu Um, Sounghoon Chang, Kunsei Lee, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Keunwhoe Kim and Kwanhyung Lee
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Korea.
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Korea.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, KyungHee Medical Center, Korea.
Policy and Survey Research Team, Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study evaluated the cost for occupational health and safety in manufacturing factories in Korea according to the factory's size and the industrial classification.

METHODS

The costs to prevent occupational injuries and promote the general health of the workers were calculated by using the data of The Occupational Safety and Health Survey in Korea in the year of 2005 and the data of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance (IACI) premiums at the same factories for the year of 2004.

RESULTS

The mean cost per one worker was as follows: 990,000 won for the factory with 5~49 workers, 869,000 won for the factory with 50~299 workers and 1,773,000 won for the factory with more than 300 workers. In the factories with 5~49 workers and 50~299 workers, the premium for the IACI was the largest portion of the cost (62.8% and 52.8%, respectively) and the cost for gear to protect workers from dangerous machineries was the next biggest portion of the cost (20.1% and 19.1%, respectively). The largest portion of the cost in the factories with more than 300 workers was the premium for the IACI (37.5%).

CONCLUSIONS

The investment costs to prevent occupational injuries and to promote the general health of the workers were very diverse according to the size of the factories and the industrial classification. To reduce the occupational injuries and to promote the general health of the workers, systematic and continuous approaches to evaluate the investment costs for the occupational health and safety are required.

Keywords: Cost; Occupation; Safety; Health; Workplace; Workers