Journal List > Korean J Occup Environ Med > v.21(4) > 1125693

Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2009 Dec;21(4):354-364. Korean.
Published online Jan 29, 2019.  https://doi.org/10.35371/kjoem.2009.21.4.354
Copyright © 2009 The Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Work-Relatedness of Occupational Contact Dermatitis in a Tire Factory
Sora Choi, Han Soo Song and Chul Gab Lee
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Korea.
Abstract

OBJECTIVES

This study investigated occupational contact dermatitis in a tire factory, prompted by a long history of complaints of skin ailments by the factory workers.

METHODS

Participants (n=160) completed a questionnaire concerning job characteristics and skin symptoms, and received a medical examination. Fifty-four workers with suspected work-related contact dermatitis were chosen for a patch test of contact-related dermatitis.

RESULTS

The most frequent positive reactions of patch test were produced by diphenylguanidine, formaldehyde and cobalt. Twenty-one of the 54 individuals (38.9%) were judged to have work-related skin disease.

CONCLUSIONS

Exposure to natural and synthetic rubbers and additive materials pose a risk of contact dermatitis in a tire manufacturing environment. Improved sanitary work practices and public health awareness measures are suggested.

Keywords: Occupational dermatitis; Contact dermatitis; Patch test