Journal List > Korean J Occup Environ Med > v.21(4) > 1125688

Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2009 Dec;21(4):301-313. Korean.
Published online Jan 29, 2019.
Copyright © 2009 The Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Factors Related to Occupational Injuries and Health Problems for Some Female Workers in Non-standard Employment
Woo Jin Park, Hyoung June Im, Jong Uk Won, Sang Baek Koh, Young Su Ju, Jae Hoon Roh, Sang Yong Oh, Young Jun Kwon, Chang Kook Hwang and Jung Wook Lim
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University, Korea.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Korea.
Institute for Occupational Health, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
Department of Preventive Medicine and Institute of Occupational Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to examine certain factors associated with occupational injuries and health problems for some female workers in non-standard employment.


We enrolled 754 female workers that were selected from 1,040 people who had agreed to be surveyed as part of a group or company in either the Seoul and the Kyonggi area. We performed univariate logistic regression on survey data and again performed multivariate logistic regression on those variables that were statistically significant.


In this study, the overall incidence of occupational injury for all workers was 12.5%. The incidence rates by position were as follows: 12.9%(insurance saleswoman), 7.4%(telemarketer), 9.2%(visiting teacher), 22%(golf caddy). The most frequent complaint was lower back pain(12.8%) in insurance saleswomen, voice symptoms(37%) in telemarketers, knee and ankle symptoms(33.8%) in golf caddies, and voice symptoms(14.4%) in visiting teachers. The factors related to occupational injuries included job type, and age. The factors related to health problems were job type, psychosocial stress, accident risk, and social support. The percentage of the cases that occurred without fringe benefits including social welfare was 30.4%, and the percentage of “paid out of the person's own pocket” of ways to arrange costs of accidents was 32.5%.


In this study, some female workers in non-standard employment had relatively high level of occupational injuries, accompanied by various health problems. In these occupational classes, the conditions for social insurance and social welfare were poor. It is necessary to expand the application of social insurances including industrial accident compensation insurance. Regardless of job category, psychosocial stress and social support were statistically significant for many symptoms. We believe that measurement of these factors is necessary. In the future, additional studies are required with the use of objective methods for additional job categories.

Keywords: Health problem; Occupational injury; Non-standard employment; Psychosocial stress