Journal List > J Korean Orthop Assoc > v.20(5) > 1124169

Kim, Chung, and Tae: Revision Arthroplasty with Cementless Total Hip Replacement


It is well known that the incidence of revision arthroplasty for the loosened total hip has been progressively increasing recently. And the problem is that the loosening rate of revision arthroplasty for the failed total hip replacement is much higher as compared with that of primary total hip replacement. In revision arthroplasty, Amstutz, in 1982, reported 9% incidence of mechanical failure and 43% incidence of femoral and 61% incidence of acetabular progressive radiolucencies with follow-up for an average of 2.1 years, and Pellicci, in 1985, reported 29% incidence of failure for total hip replacement that have been revised once in the radiolucent zone with the follow-up for an average 8.1 years, and Kavanagh, in 1985, reported that probable loosening occurred in 25% of revised acetabular components with follow-up for an average of 4.5 years. Cementless total hip replacement is successful in more than 90 of the primary cases for the last 5 years in our department. Therefore, not only in primary total hip replacement but also in the revision, it seems to be reasonable to perform the cementless total hip replacement as an alternative, particularlly, in young age group. During the period from April 1982 to December 1984, we have revised 12 loosened total hip replacement with cementless type. Average follow up was 1 year and 7 months. The age range of the patients was 23 to 64. The results are very promising without any evidence of loosening in all cases.

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