Journal List > Korean J Gynecol Oncol Colposc > v.10(4) > 1123639

Bang, Park, Sim, and Choi: Clinicopathological Analysis of Malignant Germ Cell Tumors of Ovary


Malignant germ cell tumors occur in children and young women in reproductive age, of all the germ cell malignancies, only pure dysgerminomas had a high cure rate prior to 1970. This was due to the exquisite radiosensitivity of these tumors. Multiple-agent chemotherapy has dramatically improved the pmgnosis of patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumors. Clinicopathological analysis was performed on 21 cases of malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary, 9 cases at the department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Kyung-pook National University Hospital, 4 cases, at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dong-guk University Kyungju Hospital and 8 cases, at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dae-gu Fatima Hospital during the period 10 years from July. 19S8 to June. 1997 The results were summarized as follows: 1. The mean age of the patients was 21.8 years old, ranging from 10 to 61 years old. 2. Main initial symptoms were abdominal distension(33.3%), abdominal mass palpation(33.3%), abdominal pain(28.6%), amenorrhea(4.8%) in order. 3. Histologically, the tumors were classified as immature teratoma(57.1%), dysgerminoma(19%), mixed germ cell tumor(9.5%), endodermal sinus tumor(9.5%), embryonal cell carcinoma(4.8%). 4, According to FIGO classification Stage I was the most prevalent(57.1%) at the time of diagnosis while Stage III was forward in 48.6%, Stage II in 9.5%, and no Stage IV, 5. The 5-year survival rate was 80.4% and three patients have died of malignancy and the other 18 patients live without disease from 11 to 102 months, with a median follow-up of 34.2 months. 6. Prognostic factors of malignant germ cell tumors in this study were the clinical stage, the presence of ascites and the residual tumor mass.

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