Journal List > Korean J Health Promot > v.19(1) > 1120092

Cha, Lee, Kim, and Kim: The Level of Successful Aging and Influencing Factors of the Community Elderly



The purpose of this study was to understand the level of successful aging and to analyze the factors that affect successful aging.


This study was a descriptive study. The data collection of this study using questionnaires was from October 1, 2017 to December 30, 2017, and the 169 elderly people living in Chungcheongnam-do were surveyed.


The mean level of successful aging of the subjects was 3.57 (±0.58), which was higher than the median, it was significantly different among the presence of religion, participation in senior facility, regular exercise, pain, and subjective health status. Regression analysis showed that the factors that have the greatest influence on the successful aging of the subjects were the participation in senior facility (β=0.24, P<0.001), self-esteem support (β=0.20, P=0.024), emotional support (β=0.19, P=0.048), regular exercise (β=0.19, P=0.002), and pain (β=−0.14. P=0.029). The explanatory power of these variables on successful aging was 53% (F=20.37, P<0.001).


This study showed that emotional support and support for self-esteem were important in successful aging, and that pain, which was not considered in previous studies, was an important factor.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

The degree of subjects' successful aging (n=169)


Values are presented as mean±standard deviation.

Table 2

Differences of successful aging according to socio-demographic characteristics (n=169)


Values are presented as mean±standard deviation or number (%).

Calculated by t-test or ANOVA and Bonferroni test.

Table 3

Differences of successful aging according to health related characteristics (n=169)


Values are presented as mean±standard deviation or number (%) unless otherwise indicated.

Calculated by ANOVA and Bonferroni test.

Table 4

Correlation between independent variables and successful aging (n=169)


Abbreviations: ES, emotional support; IS, informative support; PHS, perceived health status; SA, successful aging; SD, standard deviation; SS, self-esteem support; TS, tangible support.

Values are presented as Pearson's correlation coefficient (P value).

Table 5

Variables influencing successful aging (n=169)


Religion, participation in senior facility and exercise were changed by dummy variable; religion yes 1, no 0; participation yes 1, no 0; exercise yes 1, no 0. Values are calculated by multiple regression analysis.


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