Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.25(2) > 1120016

Kown and Oh: Effects of Nursing Workplace Spirituality and Self-efficacy on the Patient Safety Management Activities of Nurses



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of nursing workplace spirituality and self-efficacy on patient safety management activities of nurses.


A purposive sample of 212 nurses from two general hospitals was recruited for the cross-sectional survey design. During March and April, 2017, data were collected through structured self-administered questionnaires. The assessment tools were Patient Safety Management Activities Scale, Nursing Workplace Spirituality Scale and Self-efficacy Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierachical multiple regression analyses with SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 22.0 programs.


The mean score for patient safety management activities by nurses was 4.29. A mean score of 4.49 was found for nursing workplace spirituality and a mean of 3.43 for the degree of self-efficacy. The results of the hierarchical multiple analysis revealed that self-efficacy (β=.31, p<.001) and nursing workplace spirituality (β=.27, p<.001) were predictive of patient safety management activities (R2=.18, p<.001).


These results suggest that self-efficacy and nursing workplace spirituality are highly associated with patient safety management activities by nurses. Intervention programs are needed to promote self-efficacy as well as nursing workplace spirituality.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General Characteristics of the Participants (N=212)

Table 2

Level of Patient Safety Management Activities of Nurses, Nursing Workplace Spirituality, and Self-efficacy (N=212)

Table 3

Patient Safety Management Activities, Nursing Workplace Spirituality, and Self-efficacy according to General Characteristics of the Participants (N=212)


a, b, c, d, e=Bonferroni post–hoc test.

Table 4

Correlations among Nursing Workplace Spirituality, Self-efficacy, and Patient Safety Management Activities (N=212)

Table 5

Factors Influencing Patient Safety Management Activities (N=212)



This article is a revision of the first author Kown, Ki Yeon's master's thesis from Sahmyook University.


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Ki Yeon Kown

Pok Ja Oh

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