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Seong: Effects of a Structure-centered Cooperative Learning Safety Education Program based on Blended Learning for Elementary School Students



This study was performed to determine effects of a structure-centered cooperative learning safety education program based on blended learning for elementary school students.


The study is developed in non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. The subjects included 24 sixth grade students in the experimental group and 23 sixth grade students in the control group, respectively. To prevent diffusion of the experiment, it was carried out from May 20th to June 24th in 2015 with the control group and the other from August 26th to September 30th in 2015 with the experimental group. It was performed on experimental group after the structure-centered cooperative learning safety education program based on blended learning once a week for 6weeks. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, paired t-test and independent t-test.


After the intervention, the experimental group showed significant increases in the self-directed learning attitudes and safety behavior compared to the control group except for the academic self-efficacy.


The results indicate that the structure-centered cooperative learning safety education program based on blended learning program is effective in safety education for 6th graders.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Process of the program development.

Table 1

Structure-centered Cooperative Learning Safety Education Program based on Blended Learning


CPR=cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Structure-centered cooperative learning of Kagan (2010); Structure : 1) Using of the ⌜structure-selectionchart⌟ for selection, 2) Application of various structures for each phase, 3) Using in the classroom; §Blended learning: off-line (classroom) + on-line (cafe site).

Table 2

Homogeneity Test of General Characteristics of Subjects (N=47)


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group; Fisher exact test.

Table 3

Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variables before Intervention of Subjects (N=47)


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Table 4

Differences of Dependent Variables of Subjects (N=47)


Exp.=experimental group; Cont.=control group; Paired t-test; Independent t-test.


This article is article is based on a part of the first author's doctoral dissertation from Kyungpook National University.


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Jeong Hye Seong

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