Journal List > J Korean Orthop Assoc > v.23(3) > 1115352

Kim, Yoon, and Kim: Comparative Functional Evaluation of Cementless Bipolar Endoprosthesis and Cementless Total Hip Replacement Arthroplasty in Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head in Adult


In these days, there are two main ways in the treatment of the avascular necrosis of the femoral head in adult by prosthetic replscement; total hip replacement and bipolar endoprosthesis. So far, no study has been performed on the post-operative functional evaluation of them. Therefore it is difficult to decide which one is preferred to the other in the treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head in adult. In order to evaluate the functions of the prosthetic joints, the authors reviewed the results of 18 cases of cementless bipolar endoprosthesis(abbreviated as CBE) and 22 csses of cementless total hip replscement arthroplasty(abbreviated as CTHRA), performed at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, during the period from February, 1984 to May, 1986.
The following results were obtained. 1. The average ages of CBE and CTHRA groups at the time of operation were 48.5 years and 37.5 years, respectively. 2. The average follow-ups of CBE and CTHRA were 15.7 months and 30.5 months, respectively. 3. By Meyer's modification of Marcus and Enneking classification, the sverage stages of CBE and CTHRA groups were 3.7 and 4.4 respectively. 4. According to Harris hip rating score system, Harris scores were increased as much as 30.5 in CBE group and 30.6 in CTHRA group. 5. In the aspects of functional improvement and relief of pain, the two groups showed no significant difference. However, the operation was essier, and the damage to the acetabular bone was less in CBE group. For these reasons, CBE was believed to be the preferred choice of treatment of avascular necrosis of femoral head in adult.

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