Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.5(2) > 1110432

Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002 Sep;5(2):186-191. Korean.
Published online Sep 30, 2002.
Copyright © 2002 The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Bile Peritonitis Due to Spontaneous Rupture of Choledochal Cyst iagnosed by Hepatobiliary Scintigraphy in an Infant
Jong Seok Kim, Jang Hun Lim, Sang Nam Bae, Jun Woo Lee,* In Ju Kim, and Jae Hong Park
Department of Pediatrics, Dae Dong Hospital, Korea.
*Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Busan National University, Busan, Korea.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, College of Medicine, Busan National University, Busan, Korea.
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Busan National University, Busan, Korea.

Choledochal cyst is a congenital anomaly with classic triad of abdominal pain, jaundice and right upper abdominal mass. Bile peritonitis caused by cyst rupture is relatively not rare in infancy. The mechanism of rupture must be epithelial irritation of the biliary tract by refluxed pancreatic juice caused by pancreatico-biliary malunion associated with mural immaturity in infancy, rather than an abnormal rise in ductal pressure or congenital mural weakness at a certain point. We experienced a case of bile peritonitis caused by spontanenous rupture of choledochal cyst in a 10-month-old girl presented with abdominal distension, persistent fever, diarrhea, irritability and intractable ascites. She was presumed as having bile peritonitis by bile colored ascitic fluid with elevated bilirubin level and diagnosis was made by 99mTc DISIDA hepatobiliary scan showing extrahepatic biliary leak. The perforated cyst was surgically removed and the biliary tree was reconstructed with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy.

Keywords: Bile peritonitis; Choledochal cyst; Hepatobiliary scintigraphy