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Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Mar;9(1):58-64. Korean.
Published online Mar 31, 2006.  https://doi.org/10.5223/kjpgn.2006.9.1.58
Copyright © 2006 The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
A Nutritional Study of Tube-fed Patients with Severe Neurodevelopmental Disability
Sung Sook Cho, Su Jung Choi, Seung Min Sul,* and Sun Mi Shin
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul Metropolitan Children's Hospital, Korea.
*Department of Nutrition, Seoul Metropolitan Children's Hospital, Korea.
Accreditation Board of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the nutritional states and investigate the energy intake of tube-fed patients with severe neurodevelopmental disability.

METHODS

Eighty six tube-fed patients with severe neurodevelopmental disability were studied. Heights were measured by flexible scale segmentally. Nutritional parameters of weight, triceps skin- fold thickness and mid-arm circumference were also measured. Total caloric intakes through the tube were calculated.

RESULTS

The anthropometric results showed that nutritional states of tube-fed patients with severe neurodevelopmental disability were poor. The mean daily caloric intake was much less than daily energy requirement (mean=45.2% of requirement). The caloric intake was 7.2 kcal/height (cm), 57.0 kcal/weight (kg). Height was more related with caloric intake (r=0.476) than weight (r=0.263).

CONCLUSION

These results provide that tube-fed patients with severe neurodevelopmental disability were growth retarded and their energy intakes were much less than daily energy requirements. The preliminary evidence was that they need adequate nutritional supply.

Keywords: Tube-fed patients; Neurodevelopmental disability; Anthropometry; Nutrition