Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.10(1) > 1110218

Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Mar;10(1):28-35. Korean.
Published online Mar 31, 2007.
Copyright © 2007 The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Analysis of 1,000 Cases of Abdominal Ultrasonography Performed by a Pediatrician
Sang In Bae and Jae Hong Park
Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of ultrasound examination of children performed by a pediatrician.


One thousand children who presented with symptoms of a gastrointestinal disorder and underwent abdominal ultrasound evaluation in the Department of Pediatrics, between January 2003 and June 2006, were included in this study. We analyzed the patient's medical records and ultrasound results retrospectively.


Among the 1,000 patients, 58.4% were male and 41.6% were female. The mean age of the patients was 4.7±4.0 years. The main reasons for ultrasound were abdominal pain (43.9%), vomiting (17.3%), elevated liver enzymes (11.8%), and jaundice (9.8%). Abnormal ultrasound findings were present in 57.9% of cases. The major abnormal findings were mesenteric lymphadenitis (29.2%), fatty liver (12.1%), hepatitis (6.4%), hepatosplenomegaly (6.2%), and acute appendicitis (4.8%). The time interval between the initial medical evaluation and the ultrasound evaluation was within 24 hours in most cases (78.5%). The main findings in children with abdominal pain were mesenteric lymphadenitis (32.6%), fatty liver (5.9%), intussusception (2.7%), and acute appendicitis (2.7%). The main findings in children with vomiting were mesenteric lymphadenitis (12.7%), hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (10.4%), and acute appendicitis (3.5%). The major ultrasound findings in children with urinary tract diseases were hydronephrosis (45.4%), urolithiasis (21.5%) and cystic renal disease (18.1%).


Ultrasound examination played an important role as a non-invasive and prompt screening examination for detection of abdominal diseases. Ultrasound was an important tool for pediatricians to determine timely information for patient management.

Keywords: Abdominal ultrasonography; Children; Pediatrician