Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.11(2) > 1110126

Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Sep;11(2):179-186. Korean.
Published online Sep 30, 2008.  https://doi.org/10.5223/kjpgn.2008.11.2.179
Copyright © 2008 The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Parental Survey for Children with Feeding Problems
Hye Jin Kim, Kyong Mee Chung, Mi Jung Park,* and Yon Ho Choe
Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
*Department of Pediatrics, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

PURPOSE

Feeding problems are common for typically developing children and have negative effects on physical, behavioral, and cognitive development. The purpose of the current study was to examine factors related to childhood feeding problems for typically developing children via parental reports.

METHODS

The feeding questionnaire developed by the authors and the Childhood Eating Behavior Inventory (CEBI) were administered to 796 parents of children who recruited from 2 pediatric outpatient clinics (n=379) and community (n=417). Problem eaters (PE) were identified by parental report and frequency analysis was conducted for types of feeding problems and its severity, problem behaviors during mealtime, the feeding methods of the parents, and the need for treatment.

RESULTS

The CEBI scores were significantly different between the PE and non-problem eaters (NPE), which suggests that the parental reports were reliable. The younger children had more feeding problems than the older children. The most frequent and severe feeding problems were selective eating and longer mealtimes across all age groups. One-half of the children had more than one problem behaviors during mealtime. Most parents of PE used ineffective methods to deal with children's behaviors during meal time, such as cajoling, which was related to their increased level of stress. Many parents reported their children need professional help for the feeding problems.

CONCLUSION

Feeding problems are prevalent among children, especially younger children. Children with feeding problems showed a number of problem behaviors during mealtime and parental coping methods appeared to be ineffective. The need for treatment was considerable, thus the characteristics of this population must be acknowledged for providing proper treatment and advice.

Keywords: Childhood feeding disorder; Feeding problem; Mealtime behavior