Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.48(4) > 1108854

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2018 Aug;48(4):419-431. Korean.
Published online Aug 31, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2018.48.4.419
© 2018 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Development and Psychometric Testing of the Clinical Nursing Competency Scale for Clinical Preceptor Use (CNCS-CP)
Eunmi Kwak,1 and Heeyoung Oh2
1Department of Nursing, Gyeongbuk College of Health, Gimcheon, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.

Address reprint requests to : Oh, Heeyoung. College of Nursing, Eulji University, 77 Gyeryong-ro, 771beon-gil, Jung-gu, Daejeon 34824, Korea. Tel: +82-42-259-1713, Fax: +82-42-259-1709, Email: hoh123@eulji.ac.kr
Received Mar 12, 2018; Revised Jun 29, 2018; Accepted Jun 29, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivs License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/) If the original work is properly cited and retained without any modification or reproduction, it can be used and re-distributed in any format and medium.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to develop and establish the psychometric properties of a clinical nursing competency evaluation tool to be utilized by clinical preceptors.

Methods

The initial items were identified through in-depth literature review and field interviews based on a hybrid model. Content validation of the items was evaluated through three rounds of content validity testing. Participants were 34 clinical preceptors and 443 nursing students participating in clinical practice. Data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, convergence and discriminant validity, internal consistency and inter-rater reliability.

Results

The final scale consisted of 23 items and four factors, fundamental nursing skills performance, critical thinking skills based on the nursing process, basic nursing knowledge, and professional attitude; these factor explained 69.7% of the total variance. The analysis with multi-trait/multi-item matrix correlation coefficients yielded 100.0% and 95.7 % convergence and discriminant validity, respectively. Cronbach's alpha for the total items was .95. The four subscale model tested by confirmatory factor analysis was satisfactory. Inter-rater reliability ranged from .912 to .967.

Conclusion

This scale was found to be a reliable and valid instrument that clinical preceptors can apply for evaluating the clinical nursing competency of nursing students in clinical settings.

Keywords: Clinical competence; Students; Nursing; Reproducibility of results

Figures

Tables


Table 1
Exploratory Factor Analysis and Reliability (N=205)
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Table 2
Multi-Trait/Multi-Item Matrix Analysis (N=205)
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Table 4
Summary of Fit Indices from Confirmatory Factor Analysis (N=238)
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Notes

This manuscript is a condensed form of the first author's doctoral dissertation from Eulji University. Year of approval 2017.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:The authors declared no conflict of interest.

Appendix

다음은 임상간호역량 평가항목입니다. 실습중인 간호대학생을 대상으로 다음 항목을 읽고 해당되는 내용에 “V”표를 해주십시오.

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