Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.24(4) > 1102132

Kim, Kim, Lee, and Oh: Effect of Nurses' Perception of Patient Safety Culture on Reporting of Patient Safety Events



This study was done to examine factors influencing nurses' perception of patient safety culture in reporting of patient safety events.


Structured questionnaires were used to collect data from 305 nurses who were involved in direct patient care. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple linear regressions with SPSS/WIN version 24.0.


Patient safety events were reported as follows: 4.60±0.63 for harmful incidents, 4.02±0.82 for no harm incidents, and 3.59±0.97 for near misses. Patient safety event reporting was significantly positively correlated with patient safety culture. Regression analysis showed, factors influencing reports of harmful incidents were ‘feedback and communication about error’, ‘supervisor/manager expectations’ and ‘carrier of hospital’. Factors influencing reports of no harm incidents were ‘feedback and communication about error’. Factors influencing reports on near-misses were ‘teamwork across units’, ‘overall perceptions of safety’, and ‘feedback and communication about error’.


Findings show that reports of near misses are relatively low and need to be strengthened. These results provide evidence that reporting on patient safety events would be enhanced through improved patient safety culture. Hospital managers could identify factors that affect reporting of each patient safety event and use it to develop intervention programs for risk management.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Differences of Patient Safety Events among Participants (N=305)


*Scheffé test; Included psychiatric, laboratory, and administrative departments; ICU=Intensive care units; ER=Emergency room;

OR=Operation room.

Table 2

Descriptive statistics of Perceived Patient Safety Culture and Reporting of Patient Safety Events (N=305)

Table 3

Correlation between Perceived Patient Safety Culture and Reporting of Patient Safety Events (N=305)

Table 4

Factors influencing Reporting of Patient Safety Events (N=305)


*Dummy variables; Ref.=Reference.


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Sun Aee Kim

Eui Geum Oh

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