Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.24(2) > 1100168

Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2018 Jun;24(2):126-137. Korean.
Published online June 20, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2018.24.2.126
© 2018 Korean Society of Women Health Nursing
Effects of an Experience-focused Prenatal Program on Stress, Anxiety, Childbirth Confidence, and Maternal-Fetal Attachment on Women in Their First Pregnancy
Mira Park,1 and Sunok Lee2
1Department of Nursing, Mirero Woman's Hospital, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Silla University, Busan, Korea.

Corresponding author: Lee, Sunok. Department of Nursing, Silla University, 140 Baegyang-daero, 700 beon-gil, Sasang-gu, Busan 46958, Korea. Tel: +82-51-999-5870, Fax: +82-51-999-6241, Email: solee@silla.ac.kr
Received March 02, 2018; Revised April 30, 2018; Accepted May 26, 2018.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the effectiveness of an experience-focused prenatal program on stress, anxiety, childbirth confidence, and maternal-fetal attachment for women in their first pregnancy.

Methods

The participants were 57 pregnant women at 32 weeks or more of a first pregnancy who agreed to participate in this study. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, χ2 test, and Fisher's exact test using the SPSS 21.0 program.

Results

The experimental group showed significant differences in stress, anxiety, childbirth confidence, and maternal-fetal attachment from the control group.

Conclusion

The four-week experience-focused prenatal program can be used for women in their first pregnancy to reduce their stress and anxiety and to increase their childbirth confidence and maternal- fetal attachment.

Keywords: Prenatal program; Stress; Anxiety; Confidence; Attachment

Figures

Tables


Table 1
Contents of Experience-focused Prenatal Program
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Table 2
Homogeneity Test for General and Obstetric Variables
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Table 3
Homogeneity test for Stress, State Anxiety, Childbirth Confidence and Maternal-Fetal Attachment between Two Groups (N=57)
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Table 4
Differences in Stress, State Anxiety, Childbirth Confidence and Maternal-Fetal Attachment between Two Groups (N=57)
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Notes

This manuscript is a condensed form of the first ahthor's master's thesis from Silla University.

Summary Statement

▪ What is already known about this topic?

A prenatal program has been developed and provided to decrease stress and anxiety and to increase childbirth confidence in pregnant women. However, little has been done to develop an experience-focused prenatal program.

▪ What this paper adds?

An experience-focused prenatal program was developed and applied to decrease stress and anxiety and to increase childbirth confidence and maternal-fetal attachment for women in their first pregnancy

▪ Implications for practice, education and/or policy

Nurses may help decrease stress and anxiety and increase childbirth confidence and maternal-fetal attachment for women in their first pregnancy by using a developed experience-focused prenatal program.

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