Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.24(3) > 1098659

J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2018 Jun;24(3):234-244. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2018.
Copyright © 2018 Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
Effects of Job Embeddedness and Nursing Professionalism on Intent to Stay in Hospital Nurses
Sug Young Choi,1 and Mi-Aie Lee2
1Pohang Stroke and Spine Hospital, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, Korea.

Corresponding author: Lee, Mi-Aie. Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, 123 Dongdae-ro, Gyeongju 38066, Korea. Tel: +82-54-770-2620, Fax: +82-54-770-2616, Email:
Received March 20, 2018; Revised April 23, 2018; Accepted May 08, 2018.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was performed to investigate the effects of job embeddedness and nursing professionalism on intent to stay in hospital nurses.


The study was a cross-sectional survey. Participants were 242 nurses working at four general hospitals in P city of Gyeongbuk Province, Korea. Data were collected from August 29 to September 10, 2016. Structured questionnaires were used and analyzed with the SPSS/PC program.


The scores were, for job embeddedness, 3.19 (out of 5.0), nursing professionalism, 3.50 (out of 5.0), and intent to stay, 5.30 (out of 8.0). The three variables were all different according to participants' general characteristics. Factors influencing intent to stay were organization fitness (one of 4 sub-factors of job embeddedness), social recognition (one of 5 sub-factors of nursing professionalism) and age (one of participants' general characteristics). These three variables explained 34% of intent to stay.


To increase competent career nurses' intent to stay, nursing and hospital managers must develop and implement programs that help improve nurses' organization fitness to adjust well in their organization and healthcare institutions and nursing organizations must continue efforts to raise social recognition of nurses and to improve nurses' working conditions.

Keywords: Job embeddedness; Nursing professionalism; Intent to stay; Nurses


Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=242)
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file

Table 2
Participants' Job Embeddedness, Nursing Professionalism, and Intent to Stay (N=242)
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file

Table 3
Differences of Job Embeddedness, Nursing Professionalism, and Intent to Stay according to Participants' General Characteristics (N=242)
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file

Table 4
Correlation among Job Embeddedness, Nursing Professionalism, and Intent to Stay (N=242)
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file


This manuscript is a condensed form of the first author's master's thesis from Dongguk University.

1. Hospital Nurses Association. 2008 Business report. Hospital Nurses Association; 2009.
2. Kim MR. Influential factors on turnover intention of nurses: the effect of nurse's organizational commitment and career commitment to turnover intention. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2007;13(1):335–344.
3. Lee EH, Cho KS, Son HM. A study of hospital nurse's intention to keep nursing job. J Korean Clin Nurs Res 2017;20(1):15–27.
4. Cowin L. The effects of nurses' job satisfaction on retention: An Australian perspective. J Nurs Adm 2002;32(5):283–291. [doi: 10.1097/00005110-200205000-00008]
5. Kim MJ. In: The effect of nursing organizational culture on nurses' intention of retention [master's thesis]. Seoul: Hanyang University; 2006. pp. 1-53.
6. Kwon KJ, Chu MS, Kim JA. The impact of nursing professionalism on the nursing performance, job satisfaction and retention intention among clinical nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2009;15(2):182–192.
7. Lee NY, Lee SO, Whang JH. Factors affecting on hospital nurse intention of retention. J Korean Data Anal Soc 2022;14(3):1479–1491.
8. Back GR. In: Effect of hospital nurses' professionalism, job embeddedness, and nursing organizational culture on intention of retention [master's thesis]. Seoul: Sungshin Women's University; 2016. pp. 1-56.
9. Sung MH, Choi EY. The relationships between professional self-concept, nursing performance and retention intention of emergency department nurses. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs 2012;19(2):244–252. [doi: 10.7739/jkafn.2012.19.2.244]
10. Jean JH, Yom YH. Role of empowerment and emotional intelligence in the relationship between job embeddedness and turnover among general hospital nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2014;20(3):302–312. [doi: 10.11111/jkana.2014.20.3.302]
11. Reitz OE, Anderson MA, Hill PD. Job embeddedness and nurse retention. Nurs Adm Q 2010;34(3):190–200. [doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0b013e3181e702b7]
12. Son SY, Choi JS. Effect of job embeddedness and job satisfaction on turnover intention in nurses. Korean J Adult Nurs 2015;27(2):180–187. [doi: 10.7475/kjan.2015.27.2.180]
13. Yeun EJ, Kwon YM, Ahn OH. Development of a nursing professional value scale. J Korean Acad Nurs 2005;35(6):1091–1100. [doi: 10.4040/jkan.2005.35.6.1091]
14. Adams D, Miller BK. Professionalism in nursing behaviors of nurse practitioners. J Prof Nurs 2001;17(4):203–210. [doi: 10.1053/jpnu.2001.25913]
15. Choi YS. Nursing professionalism, job satisfaction and turnover intention of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitalsfocused on “I” city. J Korea Acad Ind Coop Soc 2014;15(5):2695–2702. [doi: 10.5762/KAIS.2014.15.5.2695]
16. Ko SH, Chung BY. Nursing professionalism and job satisfaction of nurses in general hospital. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2004;10(3):335–344.
17. Moon YS, Han SJ. Impact of self-efficacy and nursing professionalism on organizational commitment in nurses. J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ 2011;17(1):72–79. [doi: 10.5977/JKASNE.2011.17.1.072]
18. Duchscher JB. A process of becoming: The stages of new nursing graduate professional role transition. J Contin Educ Nurs 2008;39(10):441–452. [doi: 10.3928/00220124-20081001-03]
19. Mitchell TR, Lee TW. The unfolding model of voluntary turnover and job embeddedness: Foundations for a comprehensive theory of attachment. Res Organ Behav 2001;23:189–246. [doi: 10.3928/00220124-20081001-03]
20. Choi SM. Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of the Job Embeddedness for Korean Nurses. J Korean Data Anal Soc 2017;19(4):2145–2157.
21. Kim SH, Lee MA. Effects of emotional labor and communication competence on turnover intention in nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2014;20(3):325–314. [doi: 10.11111/jkana.2014.20.3.332]
22. Gambino KM. Motivation for entry, occupational commitment and intent to remain: A survey regarding registered nurse retention. J Adv Nurs 2010;66(11):2532–2541. [doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05426.x]
23. Kim EH, Lee EJ. Mediation and moderation effects of job embeddedness between nursing performance and turnover intention of nurses. J Korea Acad Ind Coop Soc 2014;15(8):5042–5052. [doi: 10.5762/KAIS.2014.15.8.5042]
24. Tourangeau AE, Cranley LA. Nurse intention to remain employed: Understanding and strengthening determinants. J Adv Nurs 2010;55(4):497–509. [doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03934.x]
25. Han SS, Kim MH, Yun EK. Factors affecting nursing professionalism. J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ 2008;14(1):73–79.
26. Cho EJ, Bang KS. Nursing professionalism, self-efficacy and nurse parent partnership in pediatric nurses. Child Health Nurs Res 2013;19(2):94–101. [doi: 10.4094/chnr.2013.19.2.94]
27. Kang KN. Factors influencing turnover intention of nurses in small-medium sized hospitals. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2012;18(2):155–165. [doi: 10.11111/jkana.2012.18.2.155]
28. Yoon HK, Choi JH, Lee EY, Lee HY, Park MJ. Effects of decision making competency, nursing professionalism, and job satisfaction on turnover impulse among nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2013;19(5):658–667. [doi: 10.11111/jkana.2013.19.5.658]