Journal List > Korean J Health Promot > v.18(2) > 1098273

Kim, Lee, and Lee: Factors Affecting the Successful Aging of Late Middle-Aged Adults



As aging is a process that everyone must experience, life expectancy is getting longer and living standards are getting better. But aging can be successful or unsuccessful. Middle-aged adults experience an existential crisis of physical burdens and middle-aged crises, thereby changing the quality of life in old age. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting successful aging in middle-aged adults.


This is a cross sectional descriptive study design was used to examine the association among middle-age crisis, perceived health status, self-esteem, social support and successful aging in late middle-aged adults.


Perceived health status and social support had a statistically significant effect on successful aging, and middle-aged crisis and self-esteem were not significant. The factors' determination value was 63.6%.


The perceived health status and social support of middle-aged adults may help the successful aging of middle-aged adults. Therefore, it is necessary to develop education for health promoting activities and social support programs with various materials.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

The difference of successful aging according to general characteristics of subjects (n=131)


Abbreviations: KRW, Korean won; SD, standard deviation.

Values are presented as mean±SD or number (%).

aValues are presented as mean±SD and calculated by ANOVA.

bHypertension, stroke, diabetes mellitus, arthritis, respiratory disease, cardiac disease, depression, cancer, etc.

cMultiple comparison by Scheffé method.

Table 2

Descriptive statistics of the research variables (n=131)

Table 3

Correlation coefficients among the variables (n=131)

Table 4

Factors related to successful-aging of middle age people (n=131)


Abbreviation: SE, standard error.

aReference: gender: male=0; marital status: no=0; education: middle school or lower=0; employment: yes=0; presence of disease: yes=0.


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