Journal List > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > v.29(1) > 1094950

J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2018 Mar;29(1):1-10. Korean.
Published online March 30, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2018.29.1.1
© 2018 Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation among Middle Class Korean: Focusing on Psychosocial Comparison - An Analysis of a Nationwide Survey of the 8th Korea Health Panel Data
Ahra Jo,1 Bora Kang,2 Youngju Seo,2 Eunha Gil,3 and Heeyoung Oh4
1Graduate School of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.
2Hospital of Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea.
4College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.

Corresponding author: Oh, Heeyoung. College of Nursing, Eulji University, 77 Gyeryoung-ro, 771 beon-gil, Jung-gu, Daejeon 34824, Korea. Tel: +82-42-259-1713, Fax: +82-42-259-1709, Email: hoh123@eulji.ac.kr
Received April 12, 2017; Revised November 26, 2017; Accepted January 26, 2018.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of suicidal ideation among middle class Korean.

Methods

Cross sectional study was designed for secondary data analysis. From the 8th Korea Health Panel survey (2008~2013), a total of 6,037 data was drawn and analyzed by developmental stage using descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, χ2 test, and logistic regression analysis.

Results

Across all age groups, high physical-mental stress, frustration, anxiety about the future and low self-perceived health status or social class were found to be the risk factors of suicidal ideation. Peer-compared subjective health status and frustration significantly influenced the adolescents. The young adults' suicidal ideation was mainly influenced by physical and mental stress, frustration and absence of economic activity. For the middle-aged, physical and mental stress, frustration, future anxiety, low peer-compared subjective health status were found to be the major influencing factors. The predominant risk factors for the elderly were frustration and low peer-compared subjective health status.

Conclusion

Making comparisons to others significantly influence suicidal ideation throughout all life cycles. Improvement of mental health and suicide prevention can be enhanced by avoiding negative comparison to others.

Keywords: Suicidal ideation; Suicide; Risk factors; Mental health; Social class

Tables


Table 1
Comparison of Suicidal Ideation Rate by Demographic Factors among Middle-class Korean Adolescents, Young Adults, Middle-aged and the Elderly who able doing Independent Activities of Daily Living
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file


Table 2
Comparison of Suicidal Ideation Rate by Psychosocial Factors among Middle-class Korean Adolescents, Young Adults, Middle-aged and the Elderly who able doing Independent Activities of Daily Living
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file


Table 3
Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation among Middle-class Korean Adolescents, Young Adults, Middle-aged and the Elderly who able doing Independent Activities of Daily Living
Click for larger imageClick for full tableDownload as Excel file

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