Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.25(5) > 1094445

Korean J Adult Nurs. 2013 Oct;25(5):549-558. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2013.25.5.549
© 2013 Korean Society of Adult Nursing
Impact of Stress on Depression among University Students: Testing for Moderating Effect of Social Support
Young Rye Park,1 and Eun Hee Jang2
1Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Gunsan, Korea.
2Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

Corresponding author: Jang, Eun Hee. Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 221 Heukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Korea. Tel: +82-10-4256-5034, Fax: +82-2-824-7961, Email: cartooneh@hanmail.net
Received June 07, 2013; Revised August 18, 2013; Accepted October 18, 2013.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to identify impact of stress on depression among university students and the moderating effect of social support in the relationship between stress and depression in university students.

Methods

A total of 445 subjects were participated from May to July 2011. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires and t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 20.0 were used to analyze the data.

Results

The results indicate that depression was increased by stress and decreased with social support. Social support included four type of social support behavior; emotional support, informational support, material support, and appraisal support. Multiple regression analysis showed that moderating effect of emotional support was significant when provided by friends but not by parents.

Conclusion

These finding indicate the importance of emotional support of friends on depression in university students.

Keywords: Stress; Depression; Social support; Student

Tables


Table 1
General Characteristics of Subjects (N=445)
Click for larger image


Table 2
Differences of Stress, Depression, and Social Support by General Characteristics (N=445)
Click for larger image


Table 3
Descriptive Statistics of Variables (N=445)
Click for larger image


Table 4
Correlation among Stress, Depression, and Social Support (N=445)
Click for larger image


Table 5
Moderating Effect of Social Support between Stress and Depression (N=445)
Click for larger image

References
1. Bae JM, Jeong EK, Yoo TW, Huh BY, Kim CH. A quick measurement of stress in outpatient clinic setting. J Korean Acad Fam Med 1992;13:809–819.
2. Ceyhan A, Ceyhan E, Kurty Y. Investigation of university students' depression. Eurasian J Educ Res 2009;35:75–90.
3. Cho MJ, Kim KH. Diagnostic validity of the CES-D (Korean version) in the assessment of DSM-Ⅲ-R major depression. J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc 1993;32:381–399.
4. Chung SK, Kim CG. Influences of depression, stress, and self-efficacy on the addiction of cell phone use among university students. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs 2010;22:41–50.
5. Cohen S, Hoberman H. Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress. J Appl Soc Psychol 1983;13:99–125.
6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Gonalez O, Berry J, Mcknighty-Eliy I, Strine T, Edwards V, Lu H, et al. Current depression among adults-United States, 2006 and 2008. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2010;59:1229–1235.
7. Ha JY. Drinking problems, stress, depression and self-esteem of university students. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs 2010;22:182–189.
8. Han KS. Self efficacy, health promoting behaviors, and symptoms of stress among university students. J Korean Acad Nurs 2005;35:585–592.
9. Hefner J, Eisenberg D. Social support and mental health among college students. Am J Orthopsychiatry 2009;79:491–499.
10. Ibrahim AK, Kelly SJ, Adams CE, Glazwbrook C. A systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. J Psychiatr Res. 2012 Dec 20; [doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.11.015]
Epub.
11. Jun EM, Ham OK, Lee YA. Relationship between perceived stress, and health behavior and biological factors among male college students. J Korean Data Anal Soc 2010;12:1951–1963.
12. Jun SH. Testing the buffering effect of social network service's social support in the relationship between daily stress and depression in college students: A study in gender difference. Stud Korean Youth 2012;23(4):5–25.
13. Jung HM, Lee JW. Factors affecting problem drinking among university students. J Korean Data Anal Soc 2007;9:85–97.
14. Kang SH. In: A study on the factors influencing the suicide ideation of university student: Moderating effects of social support and mediating effect of depression. Cheongju: Cheongju University; 2012.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
15. Kendler KS, Myers J, Prescott CA. Sex difference in the relationship between social support and risk for major depression: A longitudinal study of opposite-sex twin pairs. Am J Psychiatry 2005;162:250–256.
16. Kim JK, Song HS, Yeon MY. The preliminary study of sleep patterns, circadian typology and depression level in Korean college students. Korean J Health Psychol 2009;14:617–632.
17. Kim KN, Park JY, Shin TS, Jun KJ, Choi EY, Kim HJ, et al. Degree of stress and stress-related factors by the Korean version of the BEPSI. J Korean Acad Fam Med 1998;19:559–570.
18. Kim MK. Relationship on depression and suicide ideation of university students: the mediating effect of negative emotion and social adaptation. Stud Korean Youth 2011;18:101–129.
19. Kim UC, Tsuda A, Park YS, Kim EY, Horiuchi S. Comparative analysis of stress symptoms and management among Korean and Japanese university students: With a specific focus on the influence of social support networks and self-efficacy. Korean J Hum Dev 2009;16:139–164.
20. Kim YS. In: Study on relationship between life satisfaction and perceived social support among adults with mental disorders. Seoul: Ewha Womans University; 1995.
Unpublished master's thesis.
21. Lee EH. Life stress and depressive symptoms among college students: Testing for moderating effects of coping style with structural equations. Korean J Health Psychol 2004;9:25–52.
22. Lyubomirsky S, Kasri F, Zehm K. Dysphoric rumination impairs concentration on academic tasks. Cogn Ther Res 2003;27:309–330.
23. Moon TY, Park SH. A study on the relationship of demographic characteristic to stressor and stress-coping behavior among university students. J Sport Leis Stud 2007;30:913–925.
24. Park HJ, Jang IS. Stress, depression, coping styles and satisfaction of clinical practice in nursing students. J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ 2010;16(1):14–23.
25. Park JA, Cho MH. Analysis of the relationship among social support, sport participation and school life satisfaction. J Leis Recreation Stud 2011;35(1):17–28.
26. Park JW. In: A study to development a scale of social support. Seoul: Yonsei University; 1985.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
27. Park KH. Development of structural equation model to estimate university students' depression. J Korean Acad Nurs 2008;38:779–788.
28. Seo M, Choi BY, Jo HI. The effect of life stress, stress coping and social support on mental health. Korean J Couns 2006;7:271–288.
29. Stice E, Rohde P, Gau J, Ochner C. Relation of depression to perceived social support: Results from a randomized adolescent depression prevention trial. Behav Res Ther 2011;49:361–366.
30. Wichianson JR, Bughi SA, Unger JB, Spruijt-Metz D, Nguyen-Rodriguez ST. Perceived stress, coping and night-eating in college students. Stress Health 2009;25:235–240.
TOOLS
Similar articles

Development of a Structural Equation Model to estimate University Students' Depression

Moderating Effects of Career Decision-making Self-efficacy and Social Support in the relationship between Career Barriers and Job-seeking Stress among Nursing Students Preparing for Employment

Major Effect Models of Social Support and Its Statistical Methods in Korean Nursing Research

Depression Status of Academic High School Students in Seoul: Mediating Role of Entrapment

Moderating Effect of Family Support on the Relationship between Parenting Stress on Depression of Immigrant Women