Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.23(1) > 1089583

Yang and Hong: Development and Effects of Simulation Practice Program about Family centered Delivery Care



This study was conducted to investigate the relationship of knowledge, attitudes and needs of sex education in high school students.


There were 258 participants who were high school students in S high school in G city. Data were collected from October 1 to October 31, 2011, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 19.0.


The mean score for sexual knowledge was 69.78, sexual attitudes was 63.66, and needs of sex education was 75.37. Sexual knowledge had positive correlation with needs of sex education (r=.17, p=.007).


The findings of this study indicated a need to develop programs for high school students to increase appropriate sexual knowledge, and to encourage appropriate sexual attitudes, and to reflect needs of sex education.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Research design and process.

Table 1

Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics between Experimental and Control Group (N=53)

Characteristics Categories Exp. (n=27) Cont. (n=26) x2 or t p
n (%) or M±SD n (%) or M±SD
Gender Male 4 (14.8) 4 (15.4) .999
Female 23 (85.2) 22 (84.6)
Age (yr) 22.41±1.25 22.31±2.07 0.21 .832
Motivation for choosing nursing For employment 11 (40.7) 16 (61.5) 2.57 .506
Recommendation of acquaintance 5 (18.5) 4 (15.4)
Consideration of aptitude 9 (33.3) 5 (19.2)
According to entrance exam score 2 (7.4) 1 (3.8)
Satisfaction with major 3.52±0.75 3.58±0.90 −0.26 .799
Satisfaction with clinical practice 3.37±0.63 3.35±0.89 0.12 .909
Satisfaction with school life 3.07±0.66 3.15±0.88 −0.37 .714
Satisfaction with interpersonal relationship 3.70±0.78 3.54±0.81 0.76 .452
Preferred learning methods Lecture 13 (48.1) 7 (26.9) 8.47 .065
Discussion 1 (3.7) 8 (30.8)
Self-study 2 (7.4) 3 (11.5)
Problem based learning 3 (11.1) 1 (3.8)
Practice 8 (29.6) 7 (26.9)
Grade point average 3.67±0.88 3.81±0.85 −0.60 .555

Exp=experimental group; Cont.=control group; Fisher's exact test.

Table 2

Homogeneity Test of Knowledge of Delivery Care and Problem Solving Ability between Experimental and Control Group (N=53)

Variables Exp. (n=27) Cont. (n=26) t or Z p
Knowledge of delivery care 15.15±1.77 15.58±1.77 −0.88 .382
Problem solving ability 157.48±17.00 157.42±16.80 0.13 .990

Exp=experimental group; Cont.=control group.

Table 3

Comparison of Dependent Variables between Experimental and Control Group (N=53)

Dependent variables Exp. (n=27) Cont. (n=26) t p
Knowledge of delivery care 19.59±0.75 19.00±0.80 2.09 .041
Problem solving ability 167.22±18.39 161.00±12.90 1.42 .162
Clinical performance ability of family centered delivery
 Overall 69.67±2.87 35.50±1.87 26.54 <.001
 Nursing care of 1st labor stage 24.17±0.75 10.83±0.98 26.38 <.001
 Nursing care of 2nd labor stage 19.33±1.86 12.33±1.37 7.43 <.001
 Nursing care of 3rd labor stage 12.67±1.51 2.00±1.55 12.10 <.001
 Nursing care of 4th labor stage 8.50±1.22 4.00±0.89 7.27 <.001
 Family nursing practice 5.00±0.00 3.33±1.03 3.95 .011

Exp=experimental group; Cont.=control group.


This manuscript is a condensed form of the first author's master's thesis from CHA University.

Summary Statement

▪ What is already known about this topic?
Simulation-based practice is an effective learning method in maternity nursing and considered a complementary training method to compensate for circumstances that limit real-world clinical practicum.
▪ What this paper adds?
The simulation practice program about family centered delivery care provided a chance to learn by more practical experience with increased knowledge of delivery care and clinical performance ability of family centered delivery of nursing students.
▪ Implications for practice, education and/or policy
The simulation practice program about family centered delivery care is regarded as a method that can overcome limitations in clinical practice. It could be helpful in improving confidence on nursing performance in delivery room with patients and family.


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