Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.23(2) > 1089561

Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2017 Jun;23(2):109-116. Korean.
Published online June 27, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2017.23.2.109
© 2017 Korean Society of Women Health Nursing
Effects of Music Therapy on Stress of Preterm Labor and Uterine Contraction in Pregnant Women with Preterm Labor
Hye-Jin Park,1 and Mi-Hae Sung2
1Haeundae Baik Hospital, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea.

Corresponding author: Sung, Mi-Hae. Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inje University, 75 Bokji-ro, Busanjin-gu, Busan 47392, Korea. Tel: +82-51-890-6825, Fax: +82-51-896-9840, Email: nursmh@inje.ac.kr
Received February 27, 2017; Revised April 17, 2017; Accepted June 08, 2017.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to test effects of music therapy on stress due to preterm labor and uterine contraction in pregnant women with preterm labor.

Methods

An experimental research design was used. Participants were 35 pregnant women with preterm labor who were between 20 to 37 weeks of pregnancy: control group (n=18) received only tocolytic drugs, while experimental group (n=17) received additional music therapy. In the experimental group, Traumerei was applied before Non-Stress Test (NST) from the second day to fifth day after admission as music therapy.

Results

There was a statistically significant difference in stress due to preterm labor (z=-3.368, p<.001) between the two groups.

Conclusion

The music therapy is an effective method for reducing the stress of pregnant women with preterm labor.

Keywords: Preterm labor; Pregnant women; Stress; Music therapy; Uterine contraction

Figures

Tables


Table 1
Homogeneity Test for General Characteristics of Subjects (N=35)
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Table 2
Homogeneity Test for Stress related to Preterm Labor and Frequency of Uterine Contraction at Pretest (N=35)
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Table 3
Differences in Stress related to Preterm Labor between Two Groups (N=35)
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Table 4
Difference in Frequency of Uterine Contraction between Two Groups (N=35)
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Notes

This manuscript is a condensed form of the first author's master's thesis from Inje University.

Summary Statement

▪ What is already known about this topic?

Stress due to preterm labor is a major problem for pregnant women with preterm labor. Abdominal breathing and relaxation therapy are common methods to decrease stress of preterm labor.

▪ What this paper adds?

The music therapy decreased stress due to preterm labor in pregnant women with preterm labor. Also, the music therapy tends to decrease uterine contraction, but it is not statistically significant.

▪ Implications for practice, education and/or policy

The music therapy for pregnant women with preterm labor may be a meaningful way to alleviate perceived stress due to preterm labor and can be easily adapted as a practical strategy in nursing practice. Further studies are needed to develop nursing interventions that would decrease stress of preterm labor and uterine contractions.

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