Journal List > Korean J Obstet Gynecol > v.54(2) > 1088389

Park, Kwon, Park, Moon, Kim, and Bai: Predicting risk factors of postoperative voiding dysfunction after abdominal sacrocolpopexy in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse



Although there were many studies about postoperative voiding dysfunction after anti-incontinence operation, little studies after pelvic organ prolapse operation were published. We sought to determine risk factors for voiding dysfunction (VD) after abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC).


ASC was performed on 89 women at Yonsei University Health System from January 2007 to December 2009. VD was defined as post void residual (PVR)>150 mL. Foley catheter was removed after the third or forth postoperative day (POD). Risk factors for VD were examined using logistic regression models.


Seventeen patients (19.1%) had VD. Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) was performed on 70.8%, transobturator tape (TOT) on 55.1% concomitantly. There was no significant difference in age (mean±standard deviation [SD], 59.9±12.8 vs. 62.7±8.1 yr), parity (mean [range], 3 [1-5] vs. 3 [1-8]), body mass index (mean±SD, 24.0±2.7 vs. 24.4±3.6), TAH (70.6% vs. 70.8%), TOT (52.9% vs. 55.6%) and pelvic organ prolapse quantification stage 4 (94.1% vs. 68.1%, P-value 0.057). There was significant difference in diabetes mellitus (29.4% vs. 9.7%, odds rations [OR]: 3.87 [95% confidence intervals, CI: 1.05-14.23]) and the day of foley removal (POD 4: 47.1% vs. 13.9%, OR: 5.51 [95% CI: 1.72-17.64]). There was no significant difference in urodynamic parameters including maximal capacity, urethral closure pressure, maximal flow rate, mean flow rate, post void residual except detrusor pressure at maximal flow rate (Pdet at Qmax), (13±8 vs. 23±15, per 10 cm H20, OR 0.54 [95% CI: 0.31-0.95]). In the multiple logistic regression model, only Pdet at Qmax OR 0.94 (95% CI: 0.89-0.99) remained statistically significant.


Women with lower Pdet at Qmax are more likely to have VD after ASC.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Demographic, surgical and preoperative characteristics

Data presented as n (%) or mean±standard deviation (SD).

VD, voding dysfunction; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; BMI, body mass index; HTN, hypertension; DM, diabetes mellitus; ds, disease; Preop, preoperative; Sx, symptom; TAH, total abdominal hysterectomy; TOT, transobturator tape; POD, postoperative day.

Table 2
Preoperative urodynamics and uroflowmetry parameters

Data presented as mean±standard deviation (SD).

VD, voding dysfunction; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; MCC, maximum cystometric capacity; MUCP, maximum urethral closure pressure; PVR, postvoid residual; Pdet at Qmax, detrusor pressure at maximal flow rate.

Table 3
Multivariable logistic regression model for risk factors of postoperative voiding dysfunction

OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; DM, diabetes mellitus; POD, postoperative day.


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