Journal List > J Korean Dent Soc Anesthesiol > v.12(1) > 1084309

Kim, Kim, and O: Intravenous Sedation for Patients of Pediatric Dentistry in Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intravenous ketamine-midazolam sedation in uncooperative children and disabled people undergoing dental procedures.


From September 2009 to January 2012, total 114 intravenous deep sedation were carried out using midazolam and ketamine at pediatric dentistry in Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital. Patients' dental charts and sedation records were retrospectively reviewed


103 cases were enrolled, divided into four groups. There were 22 children under five in group 1, 14 children over six years with severe anxiety in group 2, 34 disabled person in group 3 and 33 children over six years with surgical procedure in group 4. Carries treatment (56 cases) was the most common dental treatment. The highest ketamine usage was 4.15 mg/kg, the longest duration of dental treatment was 41.6 minutes in children under five group. Nausea and vomiting (16 cases) was the most common side effect.


Intravenous ketamine-midazolam sedation appears safe and effective for uncooperative children and disabled person undergoing dental procedures. But, emesis is a common side effect of ketamine occurring with increasing age.

Similar articles