Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(6) > 1081467

J Nutr Health. 2016 Dec;49(6):429-436. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2016.49.6.429
© 2016 The Korean Nutrition Society
Inhibitory effect of Aralia elata ethanol extract against skin damage in UVB-exposed human keratinocytes and human dermal fibroblasts
Jiwon Yang and Chungshil Kwak
Institute on Aging, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-2-740-8506, Email: kwakcs@snu.ac.kr
Received November 02, 2016; Revised November 22, 2016; Accepted November 29, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation causes inflammation and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) overexpression and extracellular matrix depletion, leading to skin photoaging such as wrinkle formation, dryness, and sagging. Activation of MMP is influenced by various molecules such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), proinflammatory cytokines, and transient receptor potential vanilloid type (TRPV)-1, which are increased in UV-irradiated skin cells. Aralia elata (AE) ethanolic extract was reported to inhibit ROS generation caused by UVB-irradiation in keratinocytes. In this study, we investigated the photoprotective effect of AE ethanolic extract on UVB-irradiated human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and human dermal fibroblasts (HDF).

Methods

AE was freeze-dried, extracted in 70% ethanol, and concentrated. Skin cells were treated with AE extract for 24 h and then exposed to UVB (55 mJ/cm2). After 48 h of incubation, proinflammatory cytokines, MMP-1, type-1 procollagen, and TRPV-1 levels were measured by ELISA or Western blotting.

Results

Treatment with AE extract (100 µg/mL) significantly inhibited UVB-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production in HaCaT by 25.6%, 5.3%, and 70.2%, respectively, and also inhibited elevation of MMP-1 and TRPV-1 caused by UVB irradiation by 20.0% and 41.9%, respectively (p < 0.05). In HDF, AE extract treatment significantly inhibited both elevation of MMP-1 and reduction of type-1 procollagen caused by UVB irradiation (p < 0.05). In addition, type-1 procollagen was elevated by AE extract treatment in normal HDFs (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

AE 70% ethanol extract has photoprotective ability via reduction of proinflammatory mediators, TRPV-1 and MMP-1 production, and elevation of collagen synthesis. Our findings suggest that AE extract might be a good natural material to protect against UVB-induced premature skin aging.

Keywords: Aralia elata; MMP-1; type-I procollagen; inflammatory cytokines; ultraviolet B

Figures


Fig. 1
Cell viability of HaCaT and HDF treated with Aralia elata (AE) extract. Cell viability of HaCaT and HDF were measured at 48 h treatment of AE extract. Results were shown as mean ± SD (n = 3). *Significantly different at p < 0.05 compared to the control
Click for larger image


Fig. 2
Viability of HaCaT and HDF cells treated with Aralia elata (AE) extract and UVB. Cells were treated with AE extract for 24 h, exposed to UVB (55 mJ/cm2) and cell viability were measured at 48 h incubation. Results were shown as mean ± SD (n = 3). *Significantly different at p < 0.05 compared to UVB(-) control. NS: not significant
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Fig. 3
Effect of Aralia elata (AE) extract on proinflammatory mediator secretion in UVB irradiated HaCaT cells. Cells were treated with AE extract for 24 h, exposed to UVB (55 mJ/cm2) and IL-6, IL-8 and PGE2 concentrations at 48 h incubation were measured in the culture medium by ELISA. Results were shown as mean ± SD (n = 3). Means sharing the same alphabet on the bar are not significantly different at p < 0.05 by ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test.
Click for larger image


Fig. 4
Effect of Aralia elata (AE) extract on TRPV-1 and MMP-1 protein levels in UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells. Cells were treated with AE extract for 24 h, exposed to UVB (55 mJ/cm2) and the culture medium and the cells were collected at 48 h incubation. Protein level of MMP-1 (medium), TRPV-1 and β-actin (cell) determined by western blotting (A) and quantified (B). Results were shown as mean ± SD (n = 4). Means sharing the same alphabet on the bar are not significantly different at p < 0.05 by ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test.
Click for larger image


Fig. 5
Effect of Aralia elata (AE) extract on MMP-1 and type I-procollagen protein levels in normal HDFs or UVB-irradiated HDFs. Cells were treated with AE extract for 24 h, exposed to UVB (55 mJ/cm2) and the culture medium and the cells were collected at 48 h incubation. The protein level of MMP-1 (medium), type I procollagen and β-actin (cell) determined by western blotting (A) and quantified (B). Results were shown as mean ± SD (n = 3~8). Means sharing the same alphabet on the bar are not significantly different at p < 0.05 by ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test. NS: not significant
Click for larger image

Notes

This study was supported by a grant of the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning through the National Research Foundation, Republic of Korea (NRF-2014R1A2A2A01-007435), and Seoul National University (2015).

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