Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.49(4) > 1081447

Yeon and Bae: Association of instant noodle intake with metabolic factors in Korea: Based on 2013~2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between instant noodle intake and metabolic factors in Korean adults.

Methods

Study subjects were 5,894 (male 2,293, female 3,601) aged 19~64 years who participated in the 2013~2014 KNHANES. Information on frequency and consumption of instant noodles was obtained by the food frequency questionnaires method in KNHANES (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), and subjects were classified according to age, sex, and instant noodle consumption (INC).

Results

The frequency and consumption of instant noodles was 1.2 times/week and 1.2 servings in subjects. High INC group (≥ 1 serving/week) was significantly younger in age compared with the low INC group (< 1 serving/week). However, the high INC group had significantly higher waist circumference, metabolic factors (triglyceride, cholesterol, and HDL-cholesterol), and dietary intake (energy intake, fat, and sodium density) compared with the low INC group. Hyperglycemia showed association with higher risk of highest quartile of INC after adjustments for multiple confounding factors, including age, gender, household income, education, smoking, and alcohol compared with the lowest quartile (OR: 1.4, 95% CI: 1.1-1.8). In female, abdominal obesity showed association with higher risk of highest quartile of INC after adjustments for multiple confounding factors compared with the lowest quartile (OR: 1.6, 95% CI: 1.2-2.2).

Conclusion

Consumption of instant noodles was associated with increased prevalence of abdominal obesity and hyperglycemia in women. These findings suggest an association of instant noodle consumption status with metabolic risk

Figures and Tables

Table 1

General characteristics of the subjects

jnh-49-247-i001

1) Data represent mean ± SE. 2) %

Table 2

The percentage of individuals in category of the frequency and portion size in the instant noodle consumption frequency questionnaire by age and sex group

jnh-49-247-i002

1) %

Table 3

The percentage of daily nutrient intakes from instant noodle consumption by age and sex group

jnh-49-247-i003

1) Mean value 2) p < .0001

Table 4

Characteristics of participants according to instant noodle intake1)

jnh-49-247-i004

1) Data represent age and sex-adjusted (total subject) or age-adjusted (male and female) mean ± SE, except for instant noodle intake and age.

Table 5

Dietary intakes of participants according to instant noodle intake1)

jnh-49-247-i005

1) Data represent age and sex-adjusted (total subject) or age-adjusted (male and female) mean ± SE. 2) %

Table 6

ORs (95% CIs) of metabolic risk factors according to instant noodles intake percentile in adults1)

jnh-49-247-i006

1) Model unadjusted; Model 2 adjusted for age, gender, household income, education, smoking, and alcohol; In model 2, ORs were separately reported in male and female.

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