Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.48(1) > 1081377

J Nutr Health. 2015 Feb;48(1):113-121. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2015.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2015.48.1.113
© 2015 The Korean Nutrition Society
Perceptions of school meal services of middle school students and dieticians/dietetic teachers in Gwangju area according to the conversion of free meal services
Sook-wha Kim,1,** Young-Ran Heo,2,** and Hee-Kyong Ro3
1Division of Food and Nutrition, Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.
2Graduate School of Education, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Dongshin University, Naju 520-714, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. tel: +82-61-330-3220, Email: hkro@dsu.ac.kr

**These two authors contributed to this work equally.

Received January 20, 2015; Revised February 06, 2015; Accepted February 13, 2015.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate satisfaction with and perception of the school meal service according to middle school students and dieticians/dietetic teachers in Gwangju area who experienced change to the free meal service and the main contents were as follows.

Methods

The research subjects were 197 students (99 boys and 98 girls) and 42 dieticians/dietetic teachers were recruited.

Results

Compared to the free meal service before, satisfaction of students was high (53.8%), and 69.9% of students said there was no change in the school meals, however a significant difference was observed between gender. Overall 80.2% of middle school students said that there was no change in menu, 70.6% were no change in the frequency of food with high preference, and 64.0% were no change in leftover of meals. 85.7% of dieticians/dietetic teachers said that there was no change in the student's satisfaction according to the conversion of free meal services; 59.5% of dieticians/dietetic teachers said that there was no change in the frequency of foods with high preference, the variety of vegetables was increased in the qualitative change item of food materials, and 95% of them were not aware of change in the amount of students' leftover foods. Dieticians/dietetic teachers had limitations in selecting menus with purchase and costs of food materials (26.2%) by conversion of the free meal service and their priority considered was the food cost (45.2%) when they selected menus. Change in feeding affairs was office work management (26.2%) and recipe research and development (19.0%).

Conclusion

With the results of this study, the satisfaction with the school meal service was not changed in the awareness of students and dieticians/dietetic teachers. Therefore further study is needed to determine the middle school's satisfaction with school meals based on a variety of factors including the environmental food meal services.

Keywords: free meal service; satisfaction; leftover food; perception

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of students N (%)
Click for larger image


Table 2
General characteristics of dieticians/dietetic teachers N (%)
Click for larger image


Table 3
School meal satisfactions of middle school students according to conversion of free meal services N (%)
Click for larger image


Table 4
Middle school students' satisfactions and changes in satisfaction of school meals according to conversion of free meal services
Click for larger image


Table 5
Changes in perceptions on school meals according to conversion of free meal services of middle school students N (%)
Click for larger image


Table 6
Dieticians/dietetic teachers' perceptions on school meal satisfactions of middle school students according to conversion of free meal services N (%)
Click for larger image


Table 7
Changes in perceptions on school meals according to conversion of free meal services of dieticians/dietetic teachers N (%)
Click for larger image


Table 8
Dieticians/dietetic teacher's perceptions in feeding affairs according to conversion of free meal services of dieticians/dietetic teachers N (%)
Click for larger image

References
1. Ministry of Government Legislation (KR). School Meals Act of 2013, Public Law No.11771. 2013 11. 23.
2. Yang IS, Yi BS, Cha JA, Han KS, Chae IS, Lee JM. In: Foodservice in institution. Paju: Kyomunsa; 2010.
3. Jeon CG. In: Fifty years' history of school healthy food and a study on activation way. Policy subject research report. Seoul: Ministry of Education Human Resources Development; 2002.
4. Yoon H. The limitation, product, and prospect of dispute over universal welfare policies in Korea. Korean Soc Secur Stud 2012;28(4):75–104.
5. Gwangju Metropolitan Office of Education. 2013 Basic direction of school food. Gwangju: Gwangju Metropolitan Office of Education; 2013.
6. Byun GI, Jung BH. A study on the preference and satisfaction on the menu of school lunch service of high school students in Gyeongju area. Korean J Food Cult 2006;21(5):481–490.
7. Hong WS, Chang HJ. The relationship between food service satisfaction and plate wastes in elementary school students. Korean J Food Cookery Sci 2003;19(3):390–395.
8. Kim YR, Kim EJ, Choi MK. Perception and satisfaction of free foodservice in male middle school students in Chungnam. J Korean Diet Assoc 2014;20(2):87–98.
9. Kim YR, Choi MK. Perception of free school foodservice in middle school students' parents in Chungnam. J Korean Diet Assoc 2014;20(4):247–256.
10. Kim HK, Khil J. Job analysis and satisfaction of dietitians, nutrition teacher in school foodservice by school type in Gwangju and Jeonnam area. Korean J Nutr 2012;45(3):274–282.
11. Song HJ, Moon HK. Comparing school lunch program served at dining room with program at classroom for sanitation and contentment at one middle school. Korean J Community Nutr 2010;15(3):369–378.
12. Lee KH, Park ES. School food service satisfaction and menu preferences of high school students: focused on Iksan, Cheonbuk. Korean J Community Nutr 2010;15(1):108–123.
13. Lee YE. An analysis on the satisfaction with the quality of school foodservice in Chungbuk province. Korean J Food Cult 2008;23(1):105–114.
14. Kim SH, Lee KA, Yu CH, Song YS, Kim WK, Yoon HR, Kim JH, Lee JS, Kim MK. Comparisons of student satisfaction with the school food service programs in middle and high schools by food service management types. Korean J Nutr 2003;36(2):211–222.
15. Yang IS, Park MK. Identifying the quality attributes affecting customer satisfaction of school foodservice by city and province: students, parents, and faculty. J Korean Diet Assoc 2008;14(3):302–318.
16. Lee GY, Choi W. A study on the consumer preference and satisfaction of the elementary school students for school feedings. J Hotel Resort 2008;7(1):93–106.
17. Kim MH, Bae YJ, Kim YH, Choi MK. The study of dietary habits and satisfaction with school lunch program for high school boys and girls in Chungnam province. Korean J Food Nutr 2009;22(4):598–605.
18. Chang HS, Park HJ. A study of elementary students' satisfaction in school food service and their dietary behaviors in Gunsan city. J Korean Living Sci Assoc 2009;18(2):477–489.
19. Kim MH. In: Study of students and faculties' recognition on free school meal enforced at Ulsan city [MS Thesis]. Ulsan: University of Ulsan; 2012.
20. Jang MA, Choi MJ. Satisfaction with school food service of middle school students in Daegu. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 2005;15(2):226–234.
21. Kim KA, Kim SJ, Jung LH, Jeon ER. Degree of satisfaction on the school foodservice among the middle school students in Gwangju and Chonnam area. Korean J Food Cookery Sci 2002;18(6):579–585.
22. Kim HK, Khil J. Job analysis and satisfaction of dietitians, nutrition teacher in school foodservice by school type in Gwangju and Jeonnam area. Korean J Nutr 2012;45(3):274–282.
23. Kim SH. In: The changes in job satisfactions of school dietitians and school nutritionists after conducting environment-friendly free school meal in elementary schools: partial areas of Seoul and Gyeong-gi [MS Thesis]. Seoul: Kyung Hee University; 2012.