Journal List > J Nutr Health > v.46(3) > 1081296

J Nutr Health. 2013 Jun;46(3):276-284. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2013.46.3.276
© 2013 The Korean Nutrition Society
Comparison of practice of dietary guidelines and health beliefs according to stage of weight loss behavior change among male workers
Su Jeong Song,1 HongSeok Ahn,2 and Jinmo Khil3
1Graduate School of Cultural Industry, Skin Care and Obesity Management Major, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul 142-732, Korea.
2Department of Food and Nutrition, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul 142-732, Korea.
3Department of Food and Nutrition, Honam University, Gwangju 506-714, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: jkhil@honam.ac.kr )
Received May 20, 2013; Revised June 12, 2013; Accepted June 17, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

This study compared levels of health and dietary behavior practices and health beliefs according to the stage of weight loss behavior change of Korean male workers. A self-administered survey questionnaire was collected from 411 male adult workers residing in Seoul, Kyeonggi, Chungcheong region. Practices of health related behavior, including smoking, drinking, exercise, work related physical activity, and dietary behavior according to dietary guidelines were evaluated. In addition, the levels of perceived benefit, perceived barrier, perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness, and perceived cue to action from the health belief model were measured according to the stages of weight loss behavior change. Significant differences in BMI, level of daily exercise, and practices of dietary behavior according to dietary guidelines were observed among stages of weight loss behavior change. Subjects who were in action/maintenance stage showed a more desirable level of health behavior and health belief model variables, except perceived barrier. Based on the findings of this study, it is suggested that subjects with different stages of behavior change need an appropriate specific nutrition education method and material for improvement of nutrition education efficacy.

Keywords: weight loss; practice of dietary guidelines; stage of change; health belief model; male worker

Figures


Fig. 1
Cutpoint of Stage of weight loss behavior change.
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of subjects
Click for larger image


Table 2
Health-related behaviors of subjects
Click for larger image


Table 3
General characteristics by stages of weight loss behavior change1)
Click for larger image


Table 4
Health related life style by stages of weight loss behavior change1)
Click for larger image


Table 5
Practice scores of dietary guidelines by stage of weight loss behavior change1)
Click for larger image


Table 6
Health belief construct by stage of weight loss behavior change1)
Click for larger image

References
1. World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation on obesity. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997.
2. Ministry of Health and Welfare, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Korea Health Statistics 2011: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2). Cheongwon: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2012.
3. Park JA, Yoon JS. Dietary behaviors and status of nutrient intakes by the obesity levels of housewives in Daegu. Korean J Community Nutr 2005;10(5):623–632.
4. Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ. The metabolic syndrome. Lancet 2005;365(9468):1415–1428.
5. Son KM, Kim YH, Park SR. The relationships between transtheoretical model and health belief model to explain exercise behavior. Korean J Phys Educ 2009;48(6):163–173.
6. Ahn Y, Kim KW. Beliefs regarding vegetable consumption, self-efficacy and eating behaviors according to the stages of change in vegetable consumption among college students. Korean J Community Nutr 2012;17(1):1–13.
7. Prochaska JO, DiClemente CC. Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: toward an integrative model of change. J Consult Clin Psychol 1983;51(3):390–395.
8. Choi MY, Kim HY. Nutrition knowledge, dietary self-efficacy and eating habits according to student's stage of regular breakfast or exercise. Korean J Community Nutr 2008;13(5):653–662.
9. Janz NK, Becker MH. The health belief model: a decade later. Health Educ Q 1984;11(1):1–47.
10. Choi NH, Ahn HS, Lee S. Comparison of health belief levels and health behavior practices according to lifestyle among adults residing in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 2011;16(6):683–696.
11. Jang SH, Yang SJ, Kim SJ. Physical activities and health belief of elementary school students for obesity prevention and management among elementary school students. J Korean Acad Public Health Nurs 2012;26(2):227–238.
12. Hong SW, Lim MT. The causes of obesity and difficulties caused by obesity in elementary students. Korean J Elem Phys Educ 2009;15(2):61–74.
13. Lee YA, Kim KN, Chang N. The effect of nutrition education on weight control and diet quality in middle-aged women. Korean J Nutr 2008;41(1):54–64.
14. Bae YJ. Evaluation of nutrient and food intake status, and dietary quality in Korean female adults according to obesity: based on 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Korean J Nutr 2012;45(2):140–149.
15. Lee YM. Process of change, decisional balance and self efficacy corresponding to stages of change in exercise behaviors in middle aged women. J Korean Acad Nurs 2004;34(2):362–371.
16. Oh SY, Cho MR, Kim JC, Cho YY. Comparison of nutritional status and beliefs on health behavior regarding stages of change in dietary fat reduction among Korean men and women. Korean J Nutr 2001;34(2):222–229.
17. Kim YO. Weight control behaviors among Korean adults: association with dietary intake. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2002;31(6):1018–1025.
18. Kim CG. Effect of health behavior and obesity indices on blood pressure in 20s man. J Korea Contents Assoc 2011;11(8):231–238.
19. Jang HS, Choi JH. The health status according to the age and BMI of male workers in Daegu, Gyeongbuk region. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2007;36(3):318–326.
20. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Korea Health Industry Development Institute. Eating behavior guidelines for adult group. Cheongwon: Korea Health Industry Development Institute; 2003.
21. Kim YI, Kim SL, Jung HS, Kim SY, Park HJ. Workers' health belief in health promotion programs and related factors. J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs 2009;20(4):465–473.