Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.30(1) > 1076520

Korean J Adult Nurs. 2018 Feb;30(1):70-78. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2018.
© 2018 Korean Society of Adult Nursing
The Effect of Basic Psychological Needs and Wisdom on Successful Aging in the Elderly
Min-Jeong Nam,1 and Young-Mun Cho2
1College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, Naju, Korea.

Corresponding author: Cho, Young-Mun. Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, 185 Geonjae-ro, Naju 58245, Korea. Tel: +82-61-330-3596, Fax: +82-61-330-3580, Email:
Received October 26, 2017; Revised December 28, 2017; Accepted February 03, 2018.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was designed to investigate the impact of the elderly's basic psychological needs and wisdom on successful aging.


The study participants were 150 elderly people aged at least fifty five years of age. The participants were drawn from six welfare centers serving the elderly located in Gwangju metropolitan city, Naju city, and Jeonnam province from February 2017 to March 2017. Data were collected by three self-report questionnaires measuring successful aging, basic psychological needs, and wisdom. For data analysis, SPSS/WIN 18.0 program was utilized including one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression.


This study showed a positive correlation between successful aging and basic psychological needs (r=.75 p<.001), wisdom(r=.74 p<.001). In addition, successful aging has a positive correlation with autonomy (r=.32 p<.001), competence (r=.77 p<.001), and relationship (r=.73 p<.001). The competency (β=.40), relationship (β=.18), wisdom (β=.34) have a 69% (F=96.38, p<.001) explanatory power for the successful aging in the elderly.


The findings suggest the necessity to support the basic psychological needs of the elderly in order to support wise lives.

Keywords: Elderly; Aging; Needs


Table 1
Difference in Successful Aging according to Participants' General Characteristics (N=133)
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Table 2
Level of Basic Psychological Need and Wisdom (N=133)
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Table 3
Correlations between Successful Aging and Other Variables in the Elderly (N=133)
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Table 4
Influencing Factors on Successful Aging in Elderly (N=133)
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CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:The authors declared no conflict of interest.

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Min-Jeong Nam

Young-Mun Cho

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