Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.30(1) > 1076518

Korean J Adult Nurs. 2018 Feb;30(1):49-59. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2018.
© 2018 Korean Society of Adult Nursing
Effects of Fall Prevention Education Program on Attitudes, Prevention Behaviors, and Satisfaction among Elderly Inpatients
Young Ok Kang,1 and Rhayun Song2
1Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.

Corresponding author: Song, Rhayun. College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, 266 Munhwa-ro, Jung-gu, Daejeon 35015, Korea. Tel: +82-42-580-8331, Fax: +82-42-580-8309, Email:
Received October 07, 2017; Revised January 01, 2018; Accepted February 18, 2018.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The aim of the study was to examine effects of a fall prevention education program among inpatients over 65 years old.


A quasi- experimental study with two intervention groups and a comparison was used. One hundred and forty-three participants recruited from one university hospital were assigned to one of three groups: Video-only education (n=49), video plus leaflet education (n=45), and a comparison group who received a routine education (n=49). The data collection period was from March to August 2016.


The two intervention groups reported higher scores in fall prevention behaviors than the comparison group (F=19.83, p<.001). Participants who viewed the video and received the leaflet education reported higher scores than those with video only education. The scores of attitudes toward falls (F=16.05, p<.001), and satisfaction with education (F=40.02, p<.001) in both intervention groups were also significantly higher than the comparison group, with no significant difference between the two intervention groups.


The fall prevention program was effective in improving fall-related attitude and satisfaction among elderly inpatients. Since the video plus leaflet education was most effective in improving prevention behaviors, it might be included in routine orientation on admission for the elderly.

Keywords: Accidental falls; Inpatients; Education; Attitude; Behavior



Table 1
Homogeneity Test of General Characteristics among Groups (N=143)
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Table 2
Homogeneity Test of Disease Characteristics among Groups (N=143)
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Table 3
Effects of Fall Prevention Education Program on Outcome Variables among Groups (N=143)
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CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:The authors declared no conflict of interest.

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