Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.29(2) > 1076448

Korean J Adult Nurs. 2017 Apr;29(2):154-165. Korean.
Published online April 30, 2017.
© 2017 Korean Society of Adult Nursing
The Effects of Smartphone Application to Educate Patient on Patient Safety in Hospitalized Surgical Patients
Hyo Jin Choi, Ph.D., RN,1 and Eunjoo Lee, Ph.D., RN2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Sunlin University, Pohang, Korea.
2Professor, College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Corresponding author: Lee, Eunjoo. College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, 680 Gukchaebosang-ro, Jung-gu, Daegu 41944, Korea. Tel: +82-53-420-4934, Fax: +82-53-425-1258, Email:
Received February 15, 2017; Revised March 22, 2017; Accepted April 25, 2017.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was designed to evaluate a patient safety application in the prevention of adverse event among surgical patients. Seventy three surgical patients with thirty six of them using the patient safety application and the rest (N=37) were provided educational booklet. Further, the instrument would measure patients' right to know, knowledge about patient safety, and attitude toward patient safety.


The patient safety application was developed by the ADDIE along with input from experts, patients and an extensive literature review. Data were collected from 7 September through 20 October 2015.


The experimental group had significantly higher scores in patients' right to know (t=2.01, p=.024), knowledge on patient safety (t=3.80, p<.001) and attitude toward patient safety (t=2.74, p=.004) than those of the control group.


The patient safety application developed using Smartphone could be an effective tool enhancing patient involvement in preventing adverse events that may occur to patients. Further studies are recommended with diverse subjects with varying medical conditions.

Keywords: Patient safety; Smartphone; Mobile applications; Patients


Fig. 1
Development process of the Smartphone application.
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Fig. 2
Contents of Smartphone application for surgical patients.
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Fig. 3
General overview of patient safety application for surgical patients.
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Table 1
Homogeneity of General Characteristics and Outcome Variables between Experimental and Control Groups (N=73)
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Table 2
Comparison of Outcome Variables between Experiment and Control Groups (N=73)
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This manuscript is based on a part of the first author's doctoral dissertation from Kyungpook National University.

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