Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.25(5) > 1076211

Korean J Adult Nurs. 2013 Oct;25(5):494-503. Korean.
Published online October 31, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2013.25.5.494
© 2013 Korean Society of Adult Nursing
Effects of a Simulation-based Educational Program for Gastroendoscopic Surgery Patients
Su Young Kwon,1 and Jia Lee2
1Education Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.

Corresponding author: Lee, Jia. College of Nursing Science, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-701, Korea. Tel: +82-2-961-0894, Fax: +82-2-961-9398, Email: leejia@khu.ac.kr
Received May 20, 2013; Revised October 23, 2013; Accepted October 25, 2013.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a simulation-based educational program on anxiety and discomfort in patients with early stage of stomach cancer or stomach adenoma undergoing gastroendoscopic surgery.

Methods

The study employed a non-equivalence control group and non-synchronized design to prevent diffusion of treatment. Data were collected from 110 patients (experimental group=55, control group=55) admitted to a department of gastroenterology to undergo gastroendoscopic surgery for early stage of stomach cancer or stomach adenoma. The program was conducted as a 30-minute simulation-based education including 12 processes which patients would experience. Outcome variables were state anxiety, objective discomfort, and subjective discomfort.

Results

The scores of state anxiety in the experimental group significantly decreased over time compared to those in the control group. The scores of objective and subjective discomfort after surgery in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group.

Conclusion

The study findings suggested that the simulation-based educational program making a person feel sense of real experiences could reduce anxiety and discomfort in gastroendoscopic surgery patients.

Keywords: Anxiety; Surgery; Endoscopy; Program

Figures


Figure 1
Research design.
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Tables


Table 1
Simulation-based Educational Program for Gastroendoscopic Surgery Patients
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Table 2
Homogeneity Test of General Characteristics and Anxiety of Participants (N=110)
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Table 3
Changes of State Anxiety over Time and after Age Control (N=110)
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Table 4
Comparison of Objective and Subjective Discomfort after Surgery (N=110)
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Notes

This article is a revision of the first author's master's thesis from Kyung Hee University.

The study was partially funded by the New Faculty Research Grant by Kyung Hee University (No. 20061245).

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