Journal List > Korean J Adult Nurs > v.25(4) > 1076207

Korean J Adult Nurs. 2013 Aug;25(4):454-463. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.454
© 2013 Korean Society of Adult Nursing
The Effect of Exercise Program on Pain, Daily Living Disability, and Depression in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients Treated with Epidural Injections
Kyoung A Kim,1 Myung Ha Lee,2 Hyun Kyung Kim,2 and Seok Hee Jeong2
1Lee Chun Tek Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.

Corresponding author: Lee, Myung Ha. College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, 567 Baekje-daero, deokjin-gu, Jeonju 561-756, Korea. Tel: +82-63-270-3104, Fax: +82-63-270-3127, Email: leemh@jbnu.ac.kr
Received February 08, 2013; Revised June 12, 2013; Accepted August 17, 2013.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of exercise program on chronic low back pain, daily living disability and depression in chronic low back pain patients treated with epidural injections.

Methods

The design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest experiment. The sample was recruited among low back pain patients treated with epidural injections from an orthopedic specialty hospital. Participants were randomly assigned to a treatment group (n=25) or a comparison group (n=27). The treatment was a six week exercise program for low back pain. Data were collected from September to November 2011, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, χ2-test, one-tailed t-test for independent samples, and Mann-Whitney U test using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program.

Results

Patients in the treatment group reported statistically significantly lower levels of back pain on flexion and extension, less daily living disability, and less depression than those in the comparison group.

Conclusion

The back pain relief exercise program could be an effective adjunct nursing intervention for low back pain patients treated with epidural injections.

Keywords: Exercise; Low back pain; Disability; Depression

Figures


Figure 1
A twelve step exercise program.
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
Homogeneity of General Characteristics (N=52)
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Table 2
Homogeneity of Dependent Variables (N=52)
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Table 3
Comparison of Pain, Daily Life Disability, and Depression between Two Groups (N=52)
Click for larger image

Notes

This article is a condensed form of the first author's master's thesis from Chonbuk National University.

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