Journal List > Chonnam Med J > v.47(1) > 1074834

Chonnam Med J. 2011 Apr;47(1):45-47. English.
Published online April 26, 2011.  https://doi.org/10.4068/cmj.2011.47.1.45
© Chonnam Medical Journal, 2011
Cerebellar Embolization in Patients with Heart Murmur
Min Goo Lee, Jong Chun Park, Byoung Hee Ahn and Myung Ho Jeong
The Heart Research Center Nominated by Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare, Gwangju, Korea.

Corresponding Author: Myung Ho Jeong. Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, 8, Hakdong, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-757, Korea. TEL: +82-62-220-6243, FAX: +82-62-228-7174, Email: mhjeong@chonnam.ac.kr
Received March 26, 2011; Accepted April 05, 2011.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

A 76-year-old female present to the emergency department with dysarthria, dizziness, dyspnea. The patient had hypertension and atrial fibrillation. Brain MRI revealed right cerebellar infarction. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large round mass in the left atrium. Transesophageal echocardiography showed large complex echogenic round mass lesion attached on left atrial side of interatrial septum. Coronary angiogram revealed round movable mass lesion in left atrium with feeding arteries originated from right coronary artery. She underwent removal of mass and Maze operation, and pathologic finding was compatible with myxoma.

Keywords: Neoplasms; Heart; Embolization

WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF RIGHT CEREBELLAR INFARCTION?

A 76-year-old female presented to the emergency department with the main complaint of 7 days of dyspnea and 1 day of dysarthria and dizziness. She had a history of hypertension. Auscultation findings showed an irregular heart beat with a diastolic rumbling murmur in the apical region and crackles in both lower lung fields. The electrocardiogram showed an irregular pattern corresponding to atrial fibrillation. Brain MRI showed findings compatible with right cerebellar infarction (Fig. 1). Transthoracic echocardiography showed a moderate degree of aortic regurgitation with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction of 70.8% and a 1.63×1.31-cm complex, echogenic, round, mass-like lesion attached to the left atrial side of the interatrial septum. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed the same mass finding with prominent spontaneous echo contrast in the left atrium and decreased emptying velocity of the left atrial appendage (Fig. 2). The diagnostic coronary angiogram revealed a round, movable mass lesion in the left atrium with feeding arteries originating from the conus branch and atrioventricular nodal artery of the right coronary artery and no significant stenosis in either coronary artery (Fig. 3). The patient was transferred to cardiac surgery and underwent removal of the mass and a Maze operation.


FIG. 1
Axial T1-weighted image showed a high signal intensity lesion (Left) and the T2-weighted image showed a low signal intensity lesion (Right) in the right cerebellum.
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FIG. 2
Transesophageal echocardiography showed a complex, echogenic, round mass lesion in the left atrial side of the interatrial septum.
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FIG. 3
Left and Right: coronary angiogram revealed no significant stenosis but a round mass lesion in the left atrium with feeding arteries originating from the conus branch and the atrioventricular nodal artery of the right coronary artery.
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THE DIAGNOSIS: LEFT ATRIAL MYXOMA

The resected mass had an oval shape and was 2.0×2.0×1.5 cm in size. Macroscopic findings were compatible with myxoma, and the microscopic findings revealed an acid mucopolysaccharide-rich stroma composed of a myxoid matrix and polygonal cells with scant eosinophilic cytoplasm scattered throughout the matrix (Fig. 4). After surgery, the atrial fibrillation was abolished and an electrocardiogram showed a normal sinus rhythm. Follow-up transthoracic echocardiography was performed after surgery and no remnant mass was observed in the left atrium (Fig. 5). At present, the patient is admitted to outpatient department regularly and has taken aspirin and angiotensin receptor blocker steadily without specific problems.


FIG. 4
Hematoxylin-eosin staining showed an acid mucopoly-saccharide-rich stroma composed of a myxoid matrix and polygonal cells with scant eosinophilic cytoplasm scattered throughout the matrix. Low power field (×40).
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FIG. 5
Follow-up transthoracic echocardiography after surgery showed no remnant mass lesion in the left atrium.
Click for larger image

The presence of possible tumor vessels originating from coronary arteries may be helpful in the decision on an operative strategy for cardiac myxoma. About 52% of cardiac myxoma is visualized by coronary angiograms according to previous reports, but catheterization of the chamber from which the tumor arises carries the risk of tumor embolization.

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