Journal List > J Korean Assoc Pediatr Surg > v.22(2) > 1071968

Lee, Lee, Shin, and Jeong: Clinical Features of Varicose Vein in Pediatric Population

Abstract

Purpose

Varicose veins requiring operative treatment have been more common recently, but there are not enough studies among children dermographics because most patients belong to the adult population. We concentrated on varicose vein of under 18 years old, and here intend to report cases of our clinical experiences.

Methods

From January 2003 until December 2014, there were 6 children under 18 years old who required varicose vein management. Data was collected by the investigation of medical records retrospectively, including preoperative symptoms, diagnostic tools, treatment methods, results of treatment, and complications.

Results

The mean age was 11 years (range, 3-17 years), and gender ratio was 1:2 (2 male, 4 female). The involved legs were on the right in 3 cases, on the left in 2 cases, and on both in 1 case. The most common symptoms were venous bulging and tortuosity in 6 cases, and other symptoms were Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome in 2 cases, pain and fatigue in 1 case, port-wine stain in 1 case, and telangiectasia in 1 case. Duplex sonography was performed to confirm venous reflux in all cases. The additional venography was performed to check for anatomical variation in 1 case, and three-dimensional CT in 2 cases. Treatments were high ligation and stripping in 3 cases, and endovenous laser therapy in 3 cases. Additionally, remnant varicosities after first operations were treated by endovenous laser therapy in all cases. During the mean postoperative follow-up period of 60 months, complications included edema of the foot and petechia in 2 cases each, and were not severe.

Conclusion

Operative treatments including high ligation and stripping, and endovenous laser therapy are very effective for the management of varicose vein in the pediatric population, with improvements in quality of life including relief of symptoms and management of the cosmetic aspect.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1

(A) A 3-year-old child has dilatation of the right great saphenous vein (arrow). (B) A 15-year-old child has enlargement of great and small saphenous vein (arrow). (C, D) A 7-year-old child has venous malformation of left lower leg (arrow). She has prominent venous dilatation of the thigh and knee portion (arrow).

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Table 1

Patient’s Characteristics

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KTS, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome; Rt., right; Lt., left; GSV, great saphenous vein; SSV, small saphenous vein; PV, popliteal vein; CEAP, Clinical-Etiology-Anatomy-Pathology classification.

Table 2

Diagnostic Tool, Treatment Modality, and Clinical Outcomes

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DDS, duplex Doppler scan; V, venography; 3D, three-dimensional; EVLT, endo-venous laser therapy; HL & S, high ligation and stripping; F/U, follow-up.

Notes

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

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