Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.38(4) > 1063744

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2008 Aug;38(4):493-502. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2008.  https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2008.38.4.493
Copyright © 2008 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Effects of Aroma Hand Massage on Pain, State Anxiety and Depression in Hospice Patients with Terminal Cancer
So Young Chang
Doctoral Student, Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Chang, So Young. Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, 194 Dongsan-dong, Jung-gu, Daegu 700-712, Korea. Tel: 82-53-250-7595, Fax: 82-53-252-6614, Email: so726@kmu.ac.kr
Received March 30, 2008; Accepted July 16, 2008.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aroma hand massage on pain, state anxiety and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer.

Methods

This study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 58 hospice patients with terminal cancer who were hospitalized. Twenty eight hospice patients with terminal cancer were assigned to the experimental group (aroma hand massage), and 30 hospice patients with terminal cancer were assigned to the control group (general oil hand massage). As for the experimental treatment, the experimental group went through aroma hand massage on each hand for 5 min for 7 days with blended oil-a mixture of Bergamot, Lavender, and Frankincense in the ratio of 1:1:1, which was diluted 1.5% with sweet almond carrier oil 50 ml. The control group went through general oil hand massage by only sweet almond carrier oil-on each hand for 5 min for 7 days.

Results

The aroma hand massage experimental group showed more significant differences in the changes of pain score (t=-3.52, p=.001) and depression (t=-8.99, p=.000) than the control group.

Conclusion

Aroma hand massage had a positive effect on pain and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer.

Keywords: Hospice; Pain; Anxiety; Depression

Figures

Tables


Table 1
Demographic Characteristics and Homogeneity of the Experimental and Control group (N=58)
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Table 2
Homogeneity of Dependent Variables between Experimental and Control group (N=58)
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Table 3
The Comparison of Pain score Pre-Post Difference between Experimental and Control group (N=58)
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Table 4
The Comparison of State Anxiety Score Pre-Post Difference between Experimental and Control group (N=58)
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Table 5
The Comparison of Depression Score Pre-Post Difference between Experimental and Control group (N=58)
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